Instruction type INR R in 8085 Microprocessor

In 8085 Instruction set, INR is a mnemonic that stands for ‘INcRement’ and ‘R’ stands for any of the following registers or memory location M pointed by HL pair.

R = A, B, C, D, E, H, L, or M

This instruction is used to add 1 with the contents of R. So the previous value in R will get increased by amount 1 only. The result of increment will be stored in R updating its previous content. All flags, except Cy flag, are affected depending on the result thus produced. In different assembly language core, this instruction is used for looping or as a count. As R can have any of the eight values as mentioned, so there are eight opcodes possible for this type of instruction. It requires only 1-Byte in memory.

Mnemonics, Operand Opcode(in HEX) Bytes
INR B 04 1
INR C 0C 1
INR D 14 1
INR E 1C 1
INR H 24 1
INR L 2C 1
INR M 34 1

Let us consider INR M as a sample instruction of this category. It is a 1-Byte instruction. Let us consider that HL register pair is holding the 16-bit value 4050H as 16-bit address. And 4050H location is holding value 05H. So after execution of the instruction INR M, the current content of location 4050H will become 06H. The tracing table of this instruction is as follows

Before After


4050H 4050H


05H 06H

Flag Register (F)

Any Value Cy=no change,Ac=0,S=0,P=1,Z=0

Address Hex Codes Mnemonic Comment
2005 34 INR M (HL) = (HL) + 1, i.e. 4050H memory locations content will be increased by 1 as HL register pair is having 16-bit address 4050H

Here is the timing diagram of the execution of the instruction INR M


Summary − So this instruction INR M requires 1-Byte, 3-Machine Cycles (Opcode Fetch, Memory Read, Memory Write) and 10 T-States for execution as shown in the timing diagram.

Samual Sam
Samual Sam

Learning faster. Every day.