Insert MongoDB document field only when it's missing?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

Let us first create a collection with documents −

>db.missingDocumentDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"Adam","StudentLastName":"Smith"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5cd3fb1eedc6604c74817ce6")
}
>db.missingDocumentDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"Carol","StudentLastName":"Taylor"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5cd3fb29edc6604c74817ce7")
}
>db.missingDocumentDemo.insertOne({"StudentFirstName":"David","StudentLastName":"Miller","StudentAge":21});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5cd3fb40edc6604c74817ce8")
}

Following is the query to display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method −

> db.missingDocumentDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd3fb1eedc6604c74817ce6"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Adam",
   "StudentLastName" : "Smith"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd3fb29edc6604c74817ce7"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Carol",
   "StudentLastName" : "Taylor"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd3fb40edc6604c74817ce8"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "David",
   "StudentLastName" : "Miller",
   "StudentAge" : 21
}

Here is the query to insert MongoDB document field only when it's missing. We are trying to insert StudentAge field here. It won’t insert the field if it already exist −

> db.missingDocumentDemo.update(
...   { "StudentAge": { "$exists": false } },
...   { "$set": { "StudentAge": 23 } },
...   { "multi": true }
... );
WriteResult({ "nMatched" : 2, "nUpserted" : 0, "nModified" : 2 })

Let us display all the documents from the above collection −

> db.missingDocumentDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd3fb1eedc6604c74817ce6"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Adam",
   "StudentLastName" : "Smith",
   "StudentAge" : 23
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd3fb29edc6604c74817ce7"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "Carol",
   "StudentLastName" : "Taylor",
   "StudentAge" : 23
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5cd3fb40edc6604c74817ce8"),
   "StudentFirstName" : "David",
   "StudentLastName" : "Miller",
   "StudentAge" : 21
}
raja
Published on 23-May-2019 12:03:25
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