Implementing circular queue ring buffer in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

Circular Queue

The circular queue is a linear data structure in which the operations are performed based on FIFO (First In First Out) principle and the last position is connected back to the first position to make a circle. It is also called "Ring Buffer".

One of the benefits of the circular queue is that we can make use of the spaces in front of the queue. In a normal queue, once the queue becomes full, we cannot insert the next element even if there is a space in front of the queue. But using the circular queue, we can use the space to store new values.

Problem

We are required to design our implementation of the circular queue in JavaScript that can support the following operations −

  • MyCircularQueue(k) − Constructor, set the size of the queue to be k.

  • Front() − Get the front item from the queue. If the queue is empty, return -1.

  • Rear() − Get the last item from the queue. If the queue is empty, return -1.

  • enQueue(value) − Insert an element into the circular queue. Return true if the operation is successful.

  • deQueue() − Delete an element from the circular queue. Return true if the operation is successful.

  • isEmpty() − Checks whether the circular queue is empty or not.

  • isFull() − Checks whether the circular queue is full or not.

Example

Following is the code −

 Live Demo

const CircularQueue = function(k) {
   this.size = k
   this.queue = []
   this.start1 = 0
   this.end1 = 0
   this.start2 = 0
   this.end2 = 0
}
CircularQueue.prototype.enQueue = function(value) {
   if(this.isFull()) {
      return false
   }
   if(this.end2 <= this.size - 1) {
      this.queue[this.end2++] = value
   } else {
      this.queue[this.end1++] = value
   }
   return true
}
CircularQueue.prototype.deQueue = function() {
   if(this.isEmpty()) {
      return false
   }
   if(this.queue[this.start2] !== undefined) {
      this.queue[this.start2++] = undefined
   } else {
      this.queue[this.start1++] = undefined
   }
   return true
}
CircularQueue.prototype.Front = function() {
   if(this.isEmpty()) {
      return -1
   }
   return this.queue[this.start2] === undefined ? this.queue[this.start1] :    this.queue[this.start2]
}
CircularQueue.prototype.Rear = function() {
   if(this.isEmpty()) {
      return -1
   }
   return this.queue[this.end1 - 1] === undefined ? this.queue[this.end2 - 1] :    this.queue[this.end1 - 1]
}
CircularQueue.prototype.isEmpty = function() {
   if(this.end2 - this.start2 + this.end1 - this.start1 <= 0) {
      return true
   }
   return false
}
CircularQueue.prototype.isFull = function() {
   if(this.end2 - this.start2 + this.end1 - this.start1 >= this.size) {
      return true
   }
   return false
}
const queue = new CircularQueue(2);
console.log(queue.enQueue(1));
console.log(queue.enQueue(2));
console.log(queue.enQueue(3));
console.log(queue.Rear());
console.log(queue.isFull());
console.log(queue.deQueue());
console.log(queue.enQueue(3));
console.log(queue.Rear());

Output

true
true
false
2
true
true
true
3
raja
Published on 24-Apr-2021 09:52:24
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