How to use MySQL CASE statement while using UPDATE Query?


For using MySQL CASE statement while using UPDATE Query, you can use CASE statement. Let us first create a table −

mysql> create table DemoTable
   (
   UserId int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY, UserScore int
   );
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.29 sec)

Insert some records in the table using insert command −

mysql> insert into DemoTable(UserScore) values(100);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.22 sec)

mysql> insert into DemoTable(UserScore) values(110);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.07 sec)

mysql> insert into DemoTable(UserScore) values(120);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.08 sec)

mysql> insert into DemoTable(UserScore) values(200);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.05 sec)

mysql> insert into DemoTable(UserScore) values(230);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.12 sec)

mysql> insert into DemoTable(UserScore) values(250);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.03 sec)

mysql> insert into DemoTable(UserScore) values(270);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.06 sec)

Display all records from the table using select statement −

mysql> select *from DemoTable;

This will produce the following output −

+--------+-----------+
| UserId | UserScore |
+--------+-----------+
|      1 |       100 |
|      2 |       110 |
|      3 |       120 |
|      4 |       200 |
|      5 |       230 |
|      6 |       250 |
|      7 |       270 |
+--------+-----------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Following is the query to use CASE statement while using UPDATE query −

mysql> update DemoTable
   set UserScore =
   CASE
      WHEN UserScore BETWEEN 100 AND 120
         THEN UserScore + 5
      WHEN UserScore BETWEEN 130 AND 230
         THEN UserScore +10
      WHEN UserScore >=250
         THEN UserScore * 5
      ELSE UserScore
   END;
Query OK, 7 rows affected (0.06 sec)
Rows matched: 7 Changed: 7 Warnings: 0

Now you can display all records from the table once again −

mysql> select *from DemoTable;

This will produce the following output −

+--------+-----------+
| UserId | UserScore |
+--------+-----------+
|      1 |       105 |
|      2 |       115 |
|      3 |       125 |
|      4 |       210 |
|      5 |       240 |
|      6 |      1250 |
|      7 |      1350 |
+--------+-----------+
7 rows in set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 17-May-2019 18:20:04
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