How to use FOR LOOP in MySQL Stored Procedure?

MySQLMySQLi Database

The following is the syntax to work with FOR LOOP in MySQL stored procedure −

delimiter //
CREATE procedure yourProcedureName()
wholeblock:BEGIN
   DECLARE anyVariableName1 INT ;
   Declare anyVariableName3 int;
   DECLARE anyVariableName2 VARCHAR(255);
   SET anyVariableName1 =1 ;
   SET anyVariableName3 =10;
   SET anyVariableName2 = '';
loop_label: FORLOOP
   IF anyVariableName1 > anyVariableName3 THEN
      LEAVE loop_label;
   END IF;
   SET anyVariableName2 = CONCAT(anyVariableName2 ,anyVariableName1 ,',');
   SET anyVariableName1 = anyVariableName1 + 1;
   ITERATE loop_label;
   END FORLOOP;
SELECT anyVariableName2;
END
//

Now you can implement the above syntax. The for loop query is as follows −

mysql> delimiter //
mysql> CREATE procedure ForLoop()
   -> wholeblock:BEGIN
   -> DECLARE start INT ;
   -> Declare maxLimit int;
   -> DECLARE result VARCHAR(255);
   -> SET start =1 ;
   -> SET maxLimit=10;
   -> SET result = '';
   -> loop_label: LOOP
   -> IF start > 10 THEN
   -> LEAVE loop_label;
   -> END IF;
   -> SET result = CONCAT(result,start,',');
   -> SET start = start + 1;
   -> ITERATE loop_label;   
   -> END LOOP;
   -> SELECT result;
   -> END
   -> //
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.37 sec)
mysql> delimiter ;

The above for loop prints 1 to 10 i.e. in the following form 1,2,3,4,.....10. Call the stored procedure using CALL command. The syntax is as follows −

call yourStoredProcedureName();

The query to call is as follows −

mysql> call ForLoop();

Output

+-----------------------+
| result                |
+-----------------------+
| 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10, |
+-----------------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)
raja
Published on 10-Jan-2019 15:41:32
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