How to update or modify the existing documents of a collection in MongoDB?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

To update or modify the existing documents of a collection in MongoDB, you need to use update() method. The syntax is as follows:

db.yourCollectionName.update(yourExistingValue, yourUpdatedValue);

Here, we will create a collection with name updateinformation. The query to create a collection is as follows. MongoDB creates a collection automatically when you insert some document using insert() method as shown below:

> db.updateInformation.insert({"StudentName":"Larry",StudentAge:35,StudentMarks:89});

The following is the output:

WriteResult({ "nInserted" : 1 })

Now you can display the documents with the help of find() method from the collection updateinformation. The query is as follows:

> db.updateInformation.find();

The following is the output displaying the documents in the collection we added above:

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5c6aa29a64f3d70fcc9147f7"), "StudentName" : "Larry", "StudentAge" : 35,
"StudentMarks" : 89 }

Now, let us update or modify the existing documents ‘StudentAge’ 35 to 24. For this, we will use the update() method. The query is as follows:

> db.updateInformation.update({StudentAge:35},{\$set:{StudentAge:24}});

The following is the output:

WriteResult({ "nMatched" : 1, "nUpserted" : 0, "nModified" : 1 })

We have updated the StudentAge 35 to 24 above. Let us check the document once again. The query is as follows:

> db.updateInformation.find().pretty();

The following is the output:

{
"_id" : ObjectId("5c6aa29a64f3d70fcc9147f7"),
"StudentName" : "Larry",
"StudentAge" : 24,
"StudentMarks" : 89
}

Look at the StudentAge field above. The age is now updated to 24/ Previously, it was 35.

Published on 18-Mar-2019 10:39:40