How to update MongoDB collection using $toLower?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

There is a $toLower operator in MongoDB to be used as part of aggregate framework. But, we can also use the for loop to iterate over the specific field and update one by one.

Let us first create a collection with documents

> db.toLowerDemo.insertOne({"StudentId":101,"StudentName":"John"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9b1b4515e86fd1496b38bf")
}
> db.toLowerDemo.insertOne({"StudentId":102,"StudentName":"Larry"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9b1b4b15e86fd1496b38c0")
}
> db.toLowerDemo.insertOne({"StudentId":103,"StudentName":"CHris"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9b1b5115e86fd1496b38c1")
}
> db.toLowerDemo.insertOne({"StudentId":104,"StudentName":"ROBERT"});
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c9b1b5a15e86fd1496b38c2")
}

Following is the query to display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method

> db.toLowerDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9b1b4515e86fd1496b38bf"),
   "StudentId" : 101,
   "StudentName" : "John"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9b1b4b15e86fd1496b38c0"),
   "StudentId" : 102,
   "StudentName" : "Larry"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9b1b5115e86fd1496b38c1"),
   "StudentId" : 103,
   "StudentName" : "CHris"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9b1b5a15e86fd1496b38c2"),
   "StudentId" : 104,
   "StudentName" : "ROBERT"
}

Following is the query to update MongoDB like $toLower

> db.toLowerDemo.find().forEach(
...    function(lower) {
...       lower.StudentName = lower.StudentName.toLowerCase();
...       db.toLowerDemo.save(lower);
...    }
... );

Let us check the document once again from the above collection. Following is the query

> db.toLowerDemo.find().pretty();

This will produce the following output

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9b1b4515e86fd1496b38bf"),
   "StudentId" : 101,
   "StudentName" : "john"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9b1b4b15e86fd1496b38c0"),
   "StudentId" : 102,
   "StudentName" : "larry"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9b1b5115e86fd1496b38c1"),
   "StudentId" : 103,
   "StudentName" : "chris"
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c9b1b5a15e86fd1496b38c2"),
   "StudentId" : 104,
   "StudentName" : "robert"
}
raja
Published on 11-Apr-2019 15:13:24
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