How to set auto-increment to an existing column in a table using JDBC API?

JDBCJava 8Object Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

You can add/set an auto increment constraint to a column in a table using the ALTER TABLE command.

Syntax

ALTER TABLE table_name ADD id INT PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT

Assume we have a table named Dispatches in the database with 7 columns namely id, CustomerName, DispatchDate, DeliveryTime, Price and, Location with description as shown below:

+--------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| Field        | Type         | Null | Key | Default | Extra |
+--------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+
| ProductName  | varchar(255) | YES  | UNI | NULL    |       |
| CustomerName | varchar(255) | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| DispatchDate | date         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| DeliveryTime | time         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| Price        | int(11)      | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| Location     | text         | YES  |     | NULL    |       |
| ID           | int(11)      | NO   | PRI | NULL    |       |
+--------------+--------------+------+-----+---------+-------+

Following JDBC program establishes connection with MySQL database ,adds a column named Id and sets the values to the id column as auto-increment.

import java.sql.Connection;
import java.sql.DriverManager;
import java.sql.SQLException;
import java.sql.Statement;
public class SettingAutoIncrement {
   public static void main(String args[]) throws SQLException {
      //Registering the Driver
      DriverManager.registerDriver(new com.mysql.jdbc.Driver());
      //Getting the connection
      String mysqlUrl = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/mydatabase";
      Connection con = DriverManager.getConnection(mysqlUrl, "root", "password");
      System.out.println("Connection established......");
      //Creating the Statement
      Statement stmt = con.createStatement();
      //Setting the column id auto-increment
      String query = "ALTER TABLE Sales ADD id INT PRIMARY KEY AUTO_INCREMENT";
      stmt.execute(query);
      stmt.executeBatch();
      System.out.println("Table altered......");
   }
}

Output

Connection established......
Table altered......

If you retrieve the contents of the Sales table using the Select command you can observe that a column named id added to the table with auto-incremented integer values.

mysql> select * from Sales;
+-------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+-------+----------------+----+
| ProductName | CustomerName | DispatchDate | DeliveryTime | Price | Location       | id |
+-------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+-------+----------------+----+
| Key-Board   | Raja         | 2019-09-01   | 08:51:36     | 7000  | Hyderabad      | 1  |
| Earphones   | Roja         | 2019-05-01   | 05:54:28     | 2000  | Vishakhapatnam | 2  |
| Mouse       | Puja         | 2019-03-01   | 04:26:38     | 3000  | Vijayawada     | 3  |
| Mobile      | Vanaja       | 2019-03-01   | 04:26:35     | 9000  | Vijayawada     | 4  |
| Headset     | Jalaja       | 2019-03-01   | 05:19:16     | 6000  | Vijayawada     | 5  |
+-------------+--------------+--------------+--------------+-------+----------------+----+
5 rows in set (0.00 sec)
raja
Published on 02-Apr-2019 13:21:06
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