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How to run Linux libraries on Docker on Windows?
Here in this article, we will learn about Linux libraries. What is the actual function of these libraries and what are the different types of libraries. Then we will understand to use these Linux libraries on the Windows OS with the help of various methods mentioned below.
What are the Linux libraries?
The Linux terminal works and follows only the commands. It is a “Text Only Console”, that responds to terminal commands. The definitions or the code for these commands or functions are stored in libraries.
Types of Linux libraries
The libraries can be divided based on the nature of the executable.
Static Library − The command and its definitions are enclosed in an executable.
Dynamic Library − The command and its definitions are not bound in the executable. The definition of the command is not present in the executable only the command is present.
There are various methods or ways to use Linux libraries on a Windows host. Some of them are listed below.
Using Docker Desktop on Windows Host.
Using Virtual Machine on Windows Host.
Using WSL (Windows Subsystem for Linux) on Windows Host.
Here we will implement the execution for various Linux libraries and packages.
It is a desktop application for Windows to run Docker containers on the Windows platform. It is available for Apple, Linux, and Windows.
Step 1 − Open the Docker Desktop application
There are two ways we can create, run, stop, destroy, and manage containers. One is using this “desktop version” or we can use the “windows terminal”. Here we will demo using the windows terminal.
Step 2 − Open the terminal from start. If not installed, use the Microsoft store to install “windows terminal”. Check the docker version using the command “docker --version”.
Docker version 20.10.17, build 100c701
Step 3 − Run the Ubuntu container and commands
Now run an Ubuntu image inside a docker container. And, get inside this container to execute the Linux commands
PS C:\Users\HP> docker run -itd --name cont1 ubuntu 36a15a62f09afd3cf8837807bc99a9414dc4dc16ac411f245550823444c00651 PS C:\Users\HP> docker ps CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES 36a15a62f09a ubuntu "bash" 7 seconds ago Up 4 seconds cont1 PS C:\Users\HP> docker exec -it cont1 bash root@36a15a62f09a:/# pwd / root@36a15a62f09a:/# whoami root root@36a15a62f09a:/# ls bin boot dev etc home lib lib32 lib64 libx32 media mnt opt proc root run sbin srv sys tmp usr var root@36a15a62f09a:/# which ls /usr/bin/ls
Hence we were able to run the Linux libraries on Docker on Windows.
Instead of using the Docker Desktop, we can use the virtual machine to install a Linux distro and then run the Docker container on it. Install a Virtualisation tool, we are going to use the Oracle VM VirtualBox Manager. Create a Virtual Machine of Ubuntu and start it.
Step 1 − Start the Ubuntu VM
After the VM starts, it will open a new display window for the Ubuntu VM.
Step 2 − Open the Linux terminal and run a docker Container.
hemant@hemant-VirtualBox:~$ docker run -itd --name busybox_cont busybox 5836441ac4def5b76cc92718f5e6451f91c1a9a1bca4b4a244092e5e31083279 hemant@hemant-VirtualBox:~$ docker ps CONTAINER ID IMAGE COMMAND CREATED STATUS PORTS NAMES 5836441ac4de busybox "sh" 5 seconds ago Up 3 seconds busybox_cont
Step 3 − Execute the Linux commands here.
hemant@hemant-VirtualBox:~$ docker exec -it busybox_cont sh / # ls bin dev etc home proc root sys tmp usr var / # pwd / / # date Thu Dec 8 04:45:16 UTC 2022 / # which date /bin/date
WSL: Windows Subsystem for Linux
WSL is a product of Microsoft. This is a Linux Kernel that works seamlessly on the Microsoft architecture.
Step 1 − Install it from the Microsoft Store
Search WSL on the Microsoft Store, download, and install it.
Install Ubuntu on the WSL using the below command on PowerShell.
$ wsl --install -d ubuntu
Now you can launch the application from the start menu by searching “Ubuntu”.
Step 2 − We have WSL for Ubuntu Installed. Now run the Linux library commands.
hemant@DESKTOP-G29Q9GU:~$ pwd /home/hemant hemant@DESKTOP-G29Q9GU:~$ date Thu Dec 8 10:34:53 IST 2022 hemant@DESKTOP-G29Q9GU:~$ which date /usr/bin/date hemant@DESKTOP-G29Q9GU:~$ which ls /usr/bin/ls hemant@DESKTOP-G29Q9GU:~$ whatis ls ls (1) - list directory contents hemant@DESKTOP-G29Q9GU:~$ whatis date date (1) - print or set the system date and time hemant@DESKTOP-G29Q9GU:~$ whatis wget wget (1) - The non-interactive network downloader.
Hence in this article, we were able to execute the Linux library commands on the Windows system using various methods like WSL, VM, and Docker Desktop.
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