How to rotate a matrix of size n*n to 90-degree k times using C#?

CsharpServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

The entire matrix needs to be rotated k number of times. In a matrix there is a total of n/2 squares in n*n matrix and we can process each square one at a time using nested loop. In each square, elements are moving in a cycle of 4 elements then we swap the elements involved in an anticlockwise direction for each cycle.

Element at position (n-1-j,i) will go to position(i,j)

Element at position (i,j) will go to position(j,n-1-i)

Element at position (j,n-1-i) will go to position(n-1-i,n-1-j)

Element at position (n-1-i,n-1-j) will go to position(n-1-j,i)

Example

 Live Demo

using System;
using System.Text;
namespace ConsoleApplication{
   public class Matrix{
      public void RotateMatrixByKTimes(int[,] matrix, int numberOftimes){
         int n = matrix.GetLength(0);
         for (int k = 0; k < numberOftimes; k++){
            for (int i = 0; i < n / 2; i++){
               for (int j = i; j < n - i - 1; j++){
                  int top = matrix[i, j];
                  //MOve left to top
                  matrix[i, j] = matrix[n - 1 - j, i];
                  //Move bottom to left
                  matrix[n - 1 - j, i] = matrix[n - i - 1, n - 1 - j];
                  //Move right to bottom
                  matrix[n - i - 1, n - 1 - j] = matrix[j, n - i - 1];
                  //Move top to right
                  matrix[j, n - i - 1] = top;
               }
            }
         }
         for (int i = 0; i < n; i++){
            StringBuilder s = new StringBuilder();
               for (int j = 0; j < n; j++){
                  s.Append(matrix[i, j] + " ");
               }
               Console.WriteLine(s);
               s = null;
            }
         }
      }
      class Program{
         static void Main(string[] args){
            Matrix m = new Matrix();
            int[,] matrix = { { 5, 1, 9, 11 }, { 2, 4, 8, 10 }, { 13, 3, 6, 7 }, { 15, 14, 12, 16 } };
            m.RotateMatrixByKTimes(matrix, 2);
      }
   }
}

Output

16 12 14 15
7   6  3 13
10  8  4 2
11  9  1 5
raja
Published on 27-Aug-2021 13:02:25
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