How to remove duplicates from MongoDB Collection?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

For this, set “unique:true” i.e. the unique constraint and avoid inserting duplicates as in the below syntax −

db.yourCollectionName.ensureIndex({yourFieldName: 1}, {unique: true, dropDups: true})

To understand the above syntax, let us create a collection with documents. Here, duplicate insertion won’t be allowed −

> db.demo604.ensureIndex({FirstName: 1}, {unique: true, dropDups: true});{
   "createdCollectionAutomatically" : true,
   "numIndexesBefore" : 1,
   "numIndexesAfter" : 2,
   "ok" : 1
}
> db.demo604.insertOne({FirstName:"Chris"});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e960887ed011c280a0905d8")
}
> db.demo604.insertOne({FirstName:"Bob"});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e96088aed011c280a0905d9")
}
> db.demo604.insertOne({FirstName:"David"});{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5e96088ded011c280a0905da")
}
> db.demo604.insertOne({FirstName:"Chris"});
2020-04-15T00:31:35.978+0530 E QUERY [js] WriteError: E11000 duplicate key error collection: test.demo604 index: FirstName_1 dup key: { : "Chris" } :
WriteError({
   "index" : 0,
   "code" : 11000,
   "errmsg" : "E11000 duplicate key error collection: test.demo604 index: FirstName_1 dup key: { : \"Chris\" }",
   "op" : {
      "_id" : ObjectId("5e96088fed011c280a0905db"),
      "FirstName" : "Chris"
   }
})
WriteError@src/mongo/shell/bulk_api.js:461:48
Bulk/mergeBatchResults@src/mongo/shell/bulk_api.js:841:49
Bulk/executeBatch@src/mongo/shell/bulk_api.js:906:13
Bulk/this.execute@src/mongo/shell/bulk_api.js:1150:21
DBCollection.prototype.insertOne@src/mongo/shell/crud_api.js:252:9
@(shell):1:1

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method −

> db.demo604.find();

This will produce the following output −

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e960887ed011c280a0905d8"), "FirstName" : "Chris" }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e96088aed011c280a0905d9"), "FirstName" : "Bob" }
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5e96088ded011c280a0905da"), "FirstName" : "David" }
raja
Published on 15-May-2020 11:17:28
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