How to read data from user using the Console class in Java?

JavaObject Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

Using Console class

This class is used to write/read data from the console (keyboard/screen) devices. It provides a readLine() method which reads a line from the key-board. You can get an object of the Console class using the console() method.

Note − If you try to execute this program in a non-interactive environment like IDE it doesn’t work.

Example

Following Java program reads data from user using the Console class.

 Live Demo

import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.Console;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
class Student {
   String name;
   int age;
   float percent;
   boolean isLocal;
   char grade;
   Student(String name, int age, float percent, boolean isLocal, char grade) {
      this.name = name;
      this.age = age;
      this.percent = percent;
      this.isLocal = isLocal;
      this.grade = grade;
   }
   public void displayDetails() {
      System.out.println("Details..............");
      System.out.println("Name: "+this.name);
      System.out.println("Age: "+this.age);
      System.out.println("Percent: "+this.percent);
      if(this.isLocal) {
         System.out.println("Nationality: Indian");
      } else {
         System.out.println("Nationality: Foreigner");
      }
      System.out.println("Grade: "+this.grade);
   }
}
public class ReadData {
   public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException {
      Console console = System.console();
      if (console == null) {
         System.out.println("Console is not supported");
         System.exit(1);
      }
      System.out.println("Enter your name: ");
      String name = console.readLine();
      System.out.println("Enter your age: ");
      int age = Integer.parseInt(console.readLine());
      System.out.println("Enter your percent: ");
      float percent = Float.parseFloat(console.readLine());
      System.out.println("Are you local (enter true or false): ");
      boolean isLocal = Boolean.parseBoolean(console.readLine());
      System.out.println("Enter your grade(enter A, or, B or, C or, D): ");
      char grade = console.readLine().toCharArray()[0];
      Student std = new Student(name, age, percent, isLocal, grade);
      std.displayDetails();
   }
}

Output

Enter your name:
Krishna
Enter your age:
26
Enter your percent:
86
Are you local (enter true or false):
true
Enter your grade(enter A, or, B or, C or, D):
A
Details..............
Name: Krishna
Age: 26
Percent: 86.0
Nationality: Indian
Grade: A
raja
Published on 14-Oct-2019 12:08:50
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