How to perform browser navigations in Selenium?

Software TestingAutomation TestingSelenium Web Driver

There are various navigate() methods to perform navigations in Selenium. They are as the listed below −

  • navigate().to(url)

    This is used to launch a new browser and open a particular URL as in the parameter.

  • navigate().refresh()

    This is used to reload a page.

  • navigate().back()

    This is used to jump to the previous page as per browser history context.

  • navigate().forward()

    This is used to jump to the next page as per browser history context.

Example

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.Keys;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.List;
public class BrowserNavigation {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver", "C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\chromedriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
      String url = "https://www.tutorialspoint.com/index.htm";
      // new browser will launch and navigate to the URL
      driver.navigate().to(url);
      driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(12, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
      // refresh the current browser
      driver.navigate().refresh();
      //Using id tagname attribute combination for css expression
      driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("input[name=’search’]")).
      sendKeys("Selenium");
      //browser will go back to the previous page
      driver.navigate().back();
      //browser will go move to the next page
      driver.navigate().forward();
      driver.close();
   }
}
raja
Published on 10-Jun-2020 16:54:52
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