We can perform back and refresh in the browser in Selenium.
For performing back operation in the browser, the back method is to be used.
For refreshing the browser, refresh method is to be used.
Both these methods can be used for testing browser navigations and reloading of web pages.
from selenium import webdriver #browser exposes an executable file #Through Selenium test we will invoke the executable file which will then #invoke actual browser driver = webdriver.Chrome(executable_path="C:\\chromedriver.exe") # to maximize the browser window driver.maximize_window() #get method to launch the URL driver.get("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/index.htm") # to print the page title in console print(driver.title) # to print the current URL in console print(driver.current_url) #get method to launch another URL driver.get("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/questions/index.php") # to go back to the previous URL driver.back() #to refresh the browser driver.refresh() #to close the browser driver.close()