How to pass data between Activities on an Android application using Kotlin?

Kotlin Apps/ApplicationsMobile Development

This example demonstrates how to pass data between Activities on an Android application using Kotlin.

Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project.

Step 2 − Add the following code to res/layout/activity_main.xml.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   android:padding="4dp"
   tools:context=".MainActivity">
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/text2"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:layout_marginTop="70dp"
      android:background="#008080"
      android:padding="5dp"
      android:text="TutorialsPoint"
      android:textColor="#fff"
      android:textSize="24sp"
      android:textStyle="bold" />
   <Button
      android:id="@+id/btnPassData"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_above="@id/btnReturnData"
      android:layout_marginBottom="16dp"
      android:text="Pass Data" />
   <Button
      android:id="@+id/btnReturnData"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_centerInParent="true"
      android:text="Pass Data And Get back data!" />
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/resultDataTextView"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_below="@id/btnReturnData"
      android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
      android:textAlignment="center"
      android:textColor="@android:color/background_dark"
      android:textSize="24sp"
      android:textStyle="bold" />
</RelativeLayout>

Step 3 − Add the following code to src/MainActivity.kt

import android.content.Intent
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.TextView
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
   private val myRequestCode = 1
   override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)
      title = "KotlinApp"
      val button: Button = findViewById(R.id.btnPassData)
      button.setOnClickListener {
         val intent = Intent(this, SecondActivity::class.java)
         intent.putExtra(
            "message",
            "Hi, there.."
         )
         startActivity(intent)
      }
      val passDataBack: Button = findViewById(R.id.btnReturnData)
      passDataBack.setOnClickListener {
         val intent = Intent(this, SecondActivity::class.java)
         intent.putExtra("message", "How are you?")
         startActivityForResult(intent, myRequestCode)
      }
   }
   override fun onActivityResult(requestCode: Int, resultCode: Int, data: Intent?) {
      super.onActivityResult(requestCode, resultCode, data)
      when (requestCode) {
         myRequestCode -> {
            val textView: TextView = findViewById(R.id.resultDataTextView)
            if (resultCode == RESULT_OK) {
               val messageReturn = data!!.getStringExtra("messageReturn")
               textView.text = messageReturn
            }
         }
      }
   }
}

Step 4 − Create a new empty Activity and add the following code −

activity_second.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   tools:context=".SecondActivity">
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/text2"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
      android:layout_marginTop="70dp"
      android:background="#008080"
      android:padding="5dp"
      android:text="TutorialsPoint"
      android:textColor="#fff"
      android:textSize="24sp"
      android:textStyle="bold" />
   <Button
      android:id="@+id/btnReturnData"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_centerInParent="true"
      android:text="Pass Data Back To Main Activity" />
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/tvReturnData"
      android:layout_width="match_parent"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"
      android:layout_below="@id/btnReturnData"
      android:layout_marginTop="8dp"
      android:textAlignment="center"
      android:textColor="@android:color/background_dark"
      android:textSize="24sp"
      android:textStyle="bold" />
</RelativeLayout>

SecondActivity.kt

import android.content.Intent
import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Button
import android.widget.TextView
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
class SecondActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
   override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_second)
      title = "KotlinApp"
      val intent = intent
      val message = intent.getStringExtra("message")
      val textView: TextView = findViewById(R.id.tvReturnData)
      textView.text = message
      val passDataTargetReturnDataButton: Button = findViewById(R.id.btnReturnData)
      passDataTargetReturnDataButton.setOnClickListener {
         val intent = Intent()
         intent.putExtra(
            "messageReturn",
            "Doing good."
         )
         setResult(RESULT_OK, intent)
         finish()
      }
   }
   override fun onBackPressed() {
      val intent = Intent()
      intent.putExtra(
         "messageReturn",
         "You too have a nice day."
      )
      setResult(RESULT_OK, intent)
      finish()
   }
}

Step 5 − Add the following code to androidManifest.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   package="com.example.q11">
   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
      android:supportsRtl="true"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
      <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
      </activity>
   </application>
</manifest>

Let's try to run your application. I assume you have connected your actual Android Mobile device with your computer. To run the app from android studio, open one of your project's activity files and click the Run iconPlay from the toolbar. Select your mobile device as an option and then check your mobile device which will display your default screen.

raja
Published on 09-Sep-2020 12:00:05
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