How to measure elapsed time in Java?

JavaServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

In general, the elapsed time is the time from the starting point to ending point of an event. Following are various ways to find elapsed time in Java −

Using the currentTimeMillis() method

The currentTimeMillis() method returns the current time in milliseconds. To find the elapsed time for a method you can get the difference between time values before and after the execution of the desired method.

Example

Live Demo

public class Example {
   public void test(){
int num = 0;
      for(int i=0; i<=50; i++){  
         num =num+i;
         System.out.print(num+", ");
      }  
   }
   public static void main(String args[]){  
      //Start time
      long begin = System.currentTimeMillis();
      //Starting the watch
      new Example().test();
      //End time
      long end = System.currentTimeMillis();
      long time = end-begin;
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println("Elapsed Time: "+time +" milli seconds");
   }
}

Output

0, 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 21, 28, 36, 45, 55, 66, 78, 91, 105, 120, 136, 153, 171, 190, 210, 231, 253, 276, 300, 325, 351, 378, 406, 435, 465, 496, 528, 561, 595, 630, 666, 703, 741, 780, 820, 861, 903, 946, 990, 1035, 1081, 1128, 1176, 1225, 1275,
Elapsed Time: 4 milli seconds

Using the nanoTime() method

The nanoTime() method returns the current time in nano seconds. To find the elapsed time for a method you can get the difference between time values before and after the execution of the desired method.

Example

Live Demo

public class Example {
   public void test(){
      int num = 0;
      for(int i=0; i<=50; i++){  
         num =num+i;
         System.out.print(num+", ");
      }  
   }
   public static void main(String args[]){  
      //Start time
      long begin = System.nanoTime();
      //Starting the watch
      new Example().test();
      //End time
      long end = System.nanoTime();
      long time = end-begin;
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println("Elapsed Time: "+time);
   }
}

Output

0, 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 21, 28, 36, 45, 55, 66, 78, 91, 105, 120, 136, 153, 171, 190, 210, 231, 253, 276, 300, 325, 351, 378, 406, 435, 465, 496, 528, 561, 595, 630, 666, 703, 741, 780, 820, 861, 903, 946, 990, 1035, 1081, 1128, 1176, 1225, 1275,
Elapsed Time: 1530200

Using the Instant class

The now() method of the Instant class returns the current time and the Duration.between() methods returns the difference between the given two time values to get the elapsed time retrieve the time values before and after the execution of the desired method and retrieve the duration using the Duration.between() method.

Example

Live Demo

import java.time.Duration;
import java.time.Instant;
public class Example {
   public void test(){
      int num = 0;
      for(int i=0; i<=50; i++){  
         num =num+i;
         System.out.print(num+", ");
      }  
   }
   public static void main(String args[]) {  
      //Starting time
      Instant start = Instant.now();
      new Example().test();
      //End time
      Instant end = Instant.now();
      long time = Duration.between(start, end).toMillis();
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println(time+" Milli seconds");

   }
}

Output

0, 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 21, 28, 36, 45, 55, 66, 78, 91, 105, 120, 136, 153, 171, 190, 210, 231, 253, 276, 300, 325, 351, 378, 406, 435, 465, 496, 528, 561, 595, 630, 666, 703, 741, 780, 820, 861, 903, 946, 990, 1035, 1081, 1128, 1176, 1225, 1275,
3 Milli seconds

Using the StopWatch class

The Apache commons library provides a class known as Stopwatch to it provides the start() stop() and getTime() methods to find the time taken for the execution of a method.

Following is the maven file of this package −

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.commons</groupId>
    <artifactId>commons-lang3</artifactId>
    <version>3.7</version>
</dependency>

Example

Live Demo

import org.apache.commons.lang3.time.StopWatch;
public class Example {
   public void test(){
      int num = 0;
      for(int i=0; i<=50; i++){  
         num =num+i;
         System.out.print(num+", ");
      }  
   }
   public static void main(String args[]) {  
      //Instantiating the StopWatch class
      StopWatch obj = new StopWatch();
      //Starting the watch
      obj.start();
      new Example().test();
      //Stopping the watch
      obj.stop();
      System.out.println();
      System.out.println("Elapsed Time: "+obj.getTime() +" milli seconds");
   }
}

Output

0, 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 21, 28, 36, 45, 55, 66, 78, 91, 105, 120, 136, 153, 171, 190, 210, 231, 253, 276, 300, 325, 351, 378, 406, 435, 465, 496, 528, 561, 595, 630, 666, 703, 741, 780, 820, 861, 903, 946, 990, 1035, 1081, 1128, 1176, 1225, 1275,
Elapsed Time: 1 milli seconds
raja
Published on 06-Feb-2021 04:09:19
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