How to iterate over a list in Java?

JavaObject Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

The List interface extends Collection interface and represents a collection storing a sequence of elements. User of a list has quite precise control over where an element to be inserted in the List. These elements are accessible by their index and are searchable. ArrayList is the most popular implementation of the List interface among the Java developers.

There are multiple ways to iterate a Java List. Following are some of the ways −

Way #1

Use for/while loop to iterate a List and get element by index.

for(int i= 0; i < list.size(); i++) {
   System.out.println(list.get(i));
}

Way #2

Use foreach loop to iterate list of elements.

for (Integer integer : list) {
   System.out.print(integer + " ");
}

Way #3

Use iterator from the list to iterate through its elements.

Iterator<Integer> iterator = list.iterator();
while(iterator.hasNext()) {
   System.out.print(iterator.next() + " ");
}

Way #4

Use listIterator from the list to iterate through its elements.

Iterator<Integer> iterator = list.listIterator();
while(iterator.hasNext()) {
   System.out.print(iterator.next() + " ");
}

Way #5

Use forEach of the list to iterate through its elements.

list.forEach(i -> {System.out.print(i + " ");});

Way #6

Use forEach of the stream of list to iterate through its elements.

list.stream().forEach(i -> {System.out.print(i + " ");});

Now let's explore above ways to iterate a list in the examples given below −

Example 1

Following is the example showing loop and iterator methods to iterate a list −

package com.tutorialspoint;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

public class CollectionsDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      List<Integer> list = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(1,2,3,4,5));
      for(int i= 0; i< list.size(); i++) {
         System.out.print(list.get(i) + " ");
      }
      System.out.println();
      for (Integer integer : list) {
         System.out.print(integer + " ");
      }
      Iterator<Integer> iterator = list.iterator();
      System.out.println();
      while(iterator.hasNext()) {
         System.out.print(iterator.next() + " ");
      }
   }
}

Output

This will produce the following result −

1 2 3 4 5
1 2 3 4 5
1 2 3 4 5

Example 2

Following is the example showing various methods to iterate a list −

package com.tutorialspoint;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.List;

public class CollectionsDemo {
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      List<Integer> list = new ArrayList<>(Arrays.asList(1,2,3,4,5));
      Iterator<Integer> iterator1 = list.listIterator();
      while(iterator1.hasNext()) {
         System.out.print(iterator1.next() + " ");
      }
      System.out.println();
      list.forEach(i -> {System.out.print(i + " ");});
      System.out.println();
      list.stream().forEach(i -> {System.out.print(i + " ");});
   }
}

Output

This will produce the following result −

1 2 3 4 5
1 2 3 4 5
1 2 3 4 5
raja
Updated on 26-May-2022 13:23:51

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