How to implement integer type conversion in JShell in Java 9?

JavaObject Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

JShell is a command-line interactive tool introduced in Java 9 version that allows the programmer to execute simple statements, expressions, variables, methods, classes, interfaces, etc.. without declaring the main() method.

In JShell, the compiler warns the programmer about typecasting issues by throwing errors. However, if the programmer is aware of it, then explicit casting will be required. If we need to store a smaller data value into a larger type conversion, then implicit casting will be required.

There are two kinds of integer typecasting:

  • Literal-to-variable assignment: For instance, short s1 = 123456, the data is out of range. It is known at compile-time, and the compiler flags an error.
  • Variable-to-variable assignment: For instance, s1 = i1. The value stored in int at that stage: 4567, which is well within the range of the short type, and the compiler doesn't throw any error. It can be pre-empted with an explicit casting s1 = (short) i1.

In the below code snippet, we can implement both implicit and explicit type conversions.

C:\Users\User>jshell
|   Welcome to JShell -- Version 9.0.4
|   For an introduction type: /help intro

jshell> byte b = 128;
|   Error:
|   incompatible types: possible lossy conversion from int to byte
|   byte b = 128;
|            ^-^

jshell> short s = 123456;
|   Error:
|   incompatible types: possible lossy conversion from int to short
|   short s = 123456;
|             ^----^

jshell> short s1 = 3456
s1 ==> 3456

jshell> int i1 = 4567;
i1 ==> 4567

jshell> s1 = i1;
|   Error:
|   incompatible types: possible lossy conversion from int to short
|   s1 = i1;
|        ^^

jshell> s1 = (short) i1;
s1 ==> 4567

jshell> int num = s1;
num ==> 4567
raja
Published on 21-Apr-2020 12:03:51
Advertisements