How to get distinct list of sub-document field values in MongoDB?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

To get distinct list of sub-document field values, you can use dot(.). The syntax is as follows −

db.yourCollectionName.distinct("yourOuterFieldName.yourInnerFieldName");

To understand the concept, let us create a collection with the document. The query to create a collection with a document is as follows −

> db.getDistinctListOfSubDocumentFieldDemo.insertOne(
   ... {
      ... "StudentId": 101,
      ... "StudentPersonalDetails": [
         ... {
            ... "StudentName": "John",
            ... "StudentAge":24
         ... },
         ... {
            ... "StudentName": "Carol",
            ... "StudentAge":21
         ... }
      ... ]
   ... }
... );
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c90a9abb74d7cfe6392d7d8")
}
> db.getDistinctListOfSubDocumentFieldDemo.insertOne(
   ...
   ... {
      ... "StudentId": 102,
      ... "StudentPersonalDetails": [
         ... {
            ... "StudentName": "Carol",
            ... "StudentAge":26
         ... },
         ... {
            ... "StudentName": "Bob",
            ... "StudentAge":21
         ... }
      ... ]
   ... }
... );
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c90a9ceb74d7cfe6392d7d9")
}
> db.getDistinctListOfSubDocumentFieldDemo.insertOne(
   ... {
      ... "StudentId": 103,
      ... "StudentPersonalDetails": [
         ... {
            ... "StudentName": "Bob",
            ... "StudentAge":25
         ... },
         ... {
            ... "StudentName": "David",
            ... "StudentAge":24
         ... }
      ... ]
   ... }
... );
{
   "acknowledged" : true,
   "insertedId" : ObjectId("5c90a9e6b74d7cfe6392d7da")
}

Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method. The query is as follows −

> db.getDistinctListOfSubDocumentFieldDemo.find().pretty();

The following is the output −

{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c90a9abb74d7cfe6392d7d8"),
   "StudentId" : 101,
   "StudentPersonalDetails" : [
      {
         "StudentName" : "John",
         "StudentAge" : 24
      },
      {
         "StudentName" : "Carol",
         "StudentAge" : 21
      }
   ]
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c90a9ceb74d7cfe6392d7d9"),
   "StudentId" : 102,
   "StudentPersonalDetails" : [
      {
         "StudentName" : "Carol",
         "StudentAge" : 26
      },
      {
         "StudentName" : "Bob",
         "StudentAge" : 21
      }
   ]
}
{
   "_id" : ObjectId("5c90a9e6b74d7cfe6392d7da"),
   "StudentId" : 103,
   "StudentPersonalDetails" : [
      {
         "StudentName" : "Bob",
         "StudentAge" : 25
      },
      {
         "StudentName" : "David",
         "StudentAge" : 24
      }
   ]
}

Here is the query to get the distinct list of sub-document field values −

> db.getDistinctListOfSubDocumentFieldDemo.distinct("StudentPersonalDetails.StudentName");

The following is the output −

[ "Carol", "John", "Bob", "David" ]
raja
Published on 01-Apr-2019 12:40:57
Advertisements