How to fix android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException?


The exception that is thrown when an application attempts to perform a networking operation on its main thread.

This is only thrown for applications targeting the Honeycomb SDK or higher. Applications targeting earlier SDK versions are allowed to do networking on their main event loop threads, but it's heavily discouraged.

Kindly refer the below example program to fix this exception −

This example demonstrates how do I fix the android.os.NetworkOnMainThreadException.

Step 1 − Create a new project in Android Studio, go to File ⇒ New Project and fill all required details to create a new project.

 Step 2   Add the following code to res/layout/activity_main.xml.  

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
   xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
   android:layout_width="match_parent"
   android:layout_height="match_parent"
   android:orientation="vertical"
   android:gravity="center"
   android:padding="8dp"
   tools:context=".MainActivity">
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/textLoad"
      android:textSize="12sp"
      android:textStyle="bold|italic"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>
   <TextView
      android:id="@+id/textMessage"
      android:textSize="16sp"
      android:textStyle="bold"
      android:layout_width="wrap_content"
      android:layout_height="wrap_content"/>
</LinearLayout>

 Step 3 − Add the following code to src/MainActivity.java  

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.AsyncTask;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.widget.TextView;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.net.URL;
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
   TextView textLoad, textMessage;
   final String strMessage = "https://sites.google.com/site/androidersite/text.txt";
   @Override
   protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
      super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
      setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
      textLoad = findViewById(R.id.textLoad);
      textMessage = findViewById(R.id.textMessage);
      textLoad.setText("Loading...");
      new MyTask().execute();
   }
   private class MyTask extends AsyncTask<Void, Void, Void>{
      String result;
      @Override
      protected Void doInBackground(Void... voids) {
         URL url;
         try {
            url = new URL(strMessage);
            BufferedReader bufferedReader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(url.openStream()));
            String stringBuffer;
            String string = "";
            while ((stringBuffer = bufferedReader.readLine()) != null){
               string = String.format("%s%s", string, stringBuffer);
            }
            bufferedReader.close();
            result = string;
         } catch (IOException e){
            e.printStackTrace();
            result = e.toString();
         }
         return null;
      }
      @Override
      protected void onPostExecute(Void aVoid) {
         textMessage.setText(result);
         textLoad.setText("Finished");
         super.onPostExecute(aVoid);
      }
   }
}

 Step 4 − Add the following code to androidManifest.xml  

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android" package="app.com.sample">
   <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET"/>
   <application
      android:allowBackup="true"
      android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
      android:label="@string/app_name"
      android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
      android:supportsRtl="true"
      android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
      <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
         <intent-filter>
            <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
            <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
         </intent-filter>
      </activity>
   </application>
</manifest>

Let's try to run your application. I assume you have connected your actual Android Mobile device with your computer. To run the app from android studio, open one of your project's activity files and click Run  icon from the toolbar. Select your mobile device as an option and then check your mobile device which will display your default screen −

Click here to download the project code.

raja
Published on 11-Sep-2019 15:14:01
Advertisements