How to create an unordered_map of user defined class in C++?

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this tutorial, we will be discussing a program to understand how to create an unordered map of user defined class in C++.

To create an unordered map from a user defined class, we will pass the hash function as the class method being the third argument.

Example

 Live Demo

#include <bits/stdc++.h>
using namespace std;
//objects of class to be used as key values
struct Person {
   string first, last;
   Person(string f, string l){
      first = f;
      last = l;
   }
   bool operator==(const Person& p) const{
      return first == p.first && last == p.last;
   }
};
class MyHashFunction {
   public:
   //using sum of length as hash function
   size_t operator()(const Person& p) const{
      return p.first.length() + p.last.length();
   }
};
int main(){
   unordered_map<Person, int, MyHashFunction> um;
   Person p1("kartik", "kapoor");
   Person p2("Ram", "Singh");
   Person p3("Laxman", "Prasad");
   um[p1] = 100;
   um[p2] = 200;
   um[p3] = 100;
   for (auto e : um) {
      cout << "[" << e.first.first << ", "<< e.first.last<< "] = > " << e.second << '\n';
   }
   return 0;
}

Output

[Laxman, Prasad] = > 100
[kartik, kapoor] = > 100
[Ram, Singh] = > 200
raja
Published on 25-Feb-2020 12:02:36
Advertisements