How to create a fixed/sticky header on scroll with CSS and JavaScript?

CSSWeb DevelopmentFront End TechnologyJavascript

To create fixed/sticky header on scroll with CSS and JavaScript, the code is as follows −

Example

 Live Demo

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
<style>
   body {
      font-family: "Segoe UI", Tahoma, Geneva, Verdana, sans-serif;
      margin: 0px;
      padding: 0px;
      height: 150vh; /*To produce scroll bar*/
   }
   .header {
      width: 100%;
      background-color: rgb(52, 21, 110);
      color: white;
      padding: 50px;
      font-size: 20px;
   }
   div.sticky {
      position: fixed;
      top: 0;
   }
</style>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Fixed Sticky on scroll example</h1>
<h2>Random Header Text</h2>
<h2>Randorm Header Text</h2>
<div class="header">Header Text</div>
<p style="font-size: 35px;">
Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Odit vel dolore delectus esse 
consequatur at nulla, consequuntur sint quas ea. Incidunt, ex. Consequatur ipsa earum 
veritatis fugiat iusto, doloremque sunt beatae quaerat laboriosam nemo soluta quidem porro 
quia. Dolore reprehenderit cum voluptatibus eius assumenda ipsam tenetur asperiores magni 
aliquid eligendi doloribus quidem ipsa et praesentium provident molestias quaerat laboriosam, 
veniam aspernatur repellendus. Debitis sapiente, odit iste voluptatibus nesciunt veritatis 
incidunt mollitia nostrum, vitae suscipit iusto molestias consequuntur rem facere perspiciatis 
ad! Ratione reiciendis asperiores aperiam vitae facilis accusantium non aliquid, facere 
cupiditate reprehenderit tempore veritatis eum accusamus omnis
tempora quos!
</p>
<script>
   window.onscroll = function() {
      setSticky();
   };
   var header = document.querySelector(".header");
   var sticky = header.offsetTop;
   function setSticky() {
      if (window.pageYOffset > sticky) {
         header.classList.add("sticky");
      }
      else {
         header.classList.remove("sticky");
      }
   }
</script>
</body>
</html>

Output

The above code will produce the following output −

On scrolling down a little the header will act as sticky header −

raja
Published on 08-May-2020 16:27:08
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