How to concatenate fields in MySQL?

MySQLMySQLi Database

To concatenate fields in MySQL, you can use GROUP_CONCAT() along with GROUP BY. Let us first create a table −

mysql> create table DemoTable
   (
   StudentId int NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT PRIMARY KEY,
   StudentName varchar(30),
   StudentScore int
   );
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.51 sec)

Insert records in the table using insert command −

mysql> insert into DemoTable( StudentName,StudentScore) values('Bob',80);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.16 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable( StudentName,StudentScore) values('Bob',80);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.15 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable( StudentName,StudentScore) values('Chris',90);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.13 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable( StudentName,StudentScore) values('Chris',70);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.13 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable( StudentName,StudentScore) values('Bob',50);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.17 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable( StudentName,StudentScore) values('David',60);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.23 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable( StudentName,StudentScore) values('Chris',99);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.09 sec)
mysql> insert into DemoTable( StudentName,StudentScore) values('David',88);
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.18 sec)

Display all records from the table using select statement −

mysql> select * from DemoTable;

This will produce the following output −

+-----------+-------------+--------------+
| StudentId | StudentName | StudentScore |
+-----------+-------------+--------------+
| 1         | Bob         | 80           |
| 2         | Bob         | 80           |
| 3         | Chris       | 90           |
| 4         | Chris       | 70           |
| 5         | Bob         | 50           |
| 6         | David       | 60           |
| 7         | Chris       | 99           |
| 8         | David       | 88           |
+-----------+-------------+--------------+
8 rows in set (0.00 sec)

Following is the query to concatenate fields in MySQL −

mysql> select
StudentName, group_concat(StudentScore separator ',') as Score
from DemoTable
group by StudentName;

This will produce the following output −

+-------------+----------+
| StudentName | Score    |
+-------------+----------+
| Bob         | 80,80,50 |
| Chris       | 90,70,99 |
| David       | 60,88    |
+-------------+----------+
3 rows in set (0.24 sec)
raja
Published on 03-May-2019 08:37:49
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