How to Become a Full-Stack Web Developer in 2023?

Becoming a full-stack developer is the dream of many engineering students. Full stack development means building a web 2.0+ application with dynamic web pages consisting of databases, videos, images, etc.

This article will discuss how to become a full-stack web developer in 2023.

Learn The Basics Of Web development

The first and foremost important step to becoming a full-stack developer is to learn a few basic languages which are popularly used to build web applications.

  • HTML − This is a markup language used to design the skeleton of the web application. Among several versions available, you should consider HTML5 to learn.

  • CSS − This markup language is used to add styles to web pages. The pages designed in pure HTML only can be customized sparingly. CSS was introduced with the popular need for developers and users to add beautiful styles to web pages. CSS3 is the latest version of CSS; hence, you should prefer to learn this.

  • JavaScript − This is also known as the language of the internet because, on average, over 70% of web applications are built on javascript. Modern browsers like firefox, chrome, etc., directly execute the javascript codes in the console, which is enough to say that JavaScript is a popular scripting language in web applications.

  • Typescript − This language was created by Microsoft Cooperation. This offers the developers a few more functionalities like aliases, class-based implementations, etc. You need to understand this language to learn a few frameworks like angular, etc.

Learn Frontend Frameworks

After learning all the basics of web development, you should learn a few libraries and frameworks. Until now, what we discussed is ok for building a static application, but they are not enough to make complex web applications. Hence it is necessary to learn some front-end frameworks. However, you should learn any one framework.

  • React JS − This is the most popular javascript framework for building front-end applications. This was released and maintained by Facebook.

  • Next JS − This framework is built on top of react. This adds a few extra functionalities like optimizing the images, making the web application more SEO-friendly, etc.

  • Angular JS − This was developed and maintained by Google. This framework is very convenient for making large-scale applications in production.

  • Vue.js − This was released in February 2014 and has been gaining popularity since then.

UI/UX design

A few tools are helpful, and you should learn them to make beautiful web applications.

  • Bootstrap − A popular CSS framework that helps develop fast and responsive web pages.

  • Tailwind CSS − This is very familiar with Bootstrap, with additional features that are more customizable.

Material design, Figma, etc., are a few other popular design frameworks and tools you can opt to learn.

Server Side Language

The languages and frameworks we discussed till now are enough to make a front-end web application. However, to make a full-stack web application, we also need to develop the web application's backend. To learn the associated frameworks, we, however, need to understand a few languages first.

  • Node JS: This is not a programming language. This is a runtime environment. However, you should understand this since it is the most popular backend environment.

  • Python

  • Java

  • Php

  • Ruby

  • c#

  • Golan

Server Side Frameworks

After learning the languages of server-side rendering, you should move forward to learn the frameworks and libraries.

  • Node JS − This is the most popular framework to make backend applications and is aligned with the front-end applications like react, next JS, etc. Under this framework, you should learn important libraries like express JS, koa, Nest.js, etc.

  • Django − A very popular python backend framework that is written in python. This is a very convenient backend framework for creating large-scale production applications.

  • Flask − This is another python framework for the backend. However, this is less popular compared to Django

Database Management System

Since MERN applications consist of databases, having a strong knowledge of the databases is important for a developer. You should focus on any one database and move on with others whenever there are any requirements.

  • Relational Database − This is the most widely used database management system. MySQL, SQL, etc., are the most common examples of such databases.

  • NoSQL − MongoDB and Elasticsearch is a popular databases among the categories of these databases. MongoDB is highly recommended here.

  • Cloud Databases − Firebases, AWS, and Microsoft Azure are popular examples of such databases. These databases are becoming popular since real-time databases are in popular demand nowadays.


Knowledge of deploying web applications over some hosting platforms is also an essential skill in 2023. This also includes management of the hosted websites.

  • Hosting Platforms −These platforms offer a port for your applications to run over the web through the server. Heroku, Digital Ocean, Azure, and AWS are examples of some popular hosting platforms. AWS is highly recommended for big-scale production applications.

  • Web servers − These are powerful computers that host your applications. Apache, Linux, and Microsoft provide web servers to clients.

Important Tips

You should follow a few important tips to be a more successful full-stack developer.

  • Prefer to learn from the official documentation. These are prepared by the developers and are always up to date.

  • Take help from the internet to fix bugs, e.g., StackOverflow.

  • Do not learn another framework before completely understanding one framework. It's very easy to switch the frameworks.


What we have learned in this article should be enough to become a full-stack developer in 2023. However, we would like to know the readers that these are not all we can learn. You will gain enough experience and understanding of web applications if you learn all these. Hence you can switch on to any other frameworks and libraries whenever required.