How to add dashed stroke to a Rectangle using FabricJS?


In this tutorial, we are going to learn how to add a dashed stroke to a Rectangle using FabricJS. Rectangle is one of the various shapes provided by FabricJS. In order to create a rectangle, we will have to create an instance of fabric.Rect class and add it to the canvas. The strokeDashArray property allows us to specify a dash pattern for the object's stroke.

Syntax

new fabric.Rect( { strokeDashArray: Array }: Object)

Parameters

  • Options (optional) − This parameter is an Object which provides additional customizations to our rectangle. Using this parameter colour, cursor, stroke width and a lot of other properties can be changed related to the object of which strokeDashArray is a property.

Options Keys

  • strokeDashArray − This property allows us to specify a dash pattern for the object’s stroke. We can achieve this by passing it an Array. For example, if we pass an array with values [2,3], it means a dash pattern of 2px dash and 3px gap and repeating this pattern infinitely.

Example 1

Default appearance of an object’s stroke

Let’s see a code example that depicts the default appearance of the stroke of a rectangle object. Since we have not used the strokeDashArray property, there is no dash pattern being displayed.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <!-- Adding the Fabric JS Library-->
   <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/fabric.js/510/fabric.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
   <h2>Default appearance of an object’s stroke</h2>
   <p>You can see that there is no dashed stroke on the rectangle</p>
   <canvas id="canvas"></canvas>
   <script>
      // Initiate a canvas instance
      var canvas = new fabric.Canvas("canvas");
      canvas.setWidth(document.body.scrollWidth);
      canvas.setHeight(250);

      // Initiate a rectangle object
      var rect = new fabric.Rect({
         left: 55,
         top: 70,
         width: 170,
         height: 70,
         fill: "#f4f0ec",
         stroke: "#2a52be",
         strokeWidth: 7,
      });

      // Add it to the canvas
      canvas.add(rect);
   </script>
</body>
</html>

Example 2

Passing strokeDashArray property as key

In this example, we are passing the strokeDashArray property a value of [9,2]. This means that a dash pattern will be created such that there is a 9px long line followed by a 2px gap, then again a 9px long line will be drawn, and so on.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
   <!-- Adding the Fabric JS Library-->
   <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/fabric.js/510/fabric.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
   <h2>Passing strokeDashArray property as key</h2>
   <p>You can see now a dashed stroke has been added around the rectangle</p>
   <canvas id="canvas"></canvas>
   <script>
      // Initiate a canvas instance
      var canvas = new fabric.Canvas("canvas");
      canvas.setWidth(document.body.scrollWidth);
      canvas.setHeight(250);

      // Initiate a rectangle object
      var rect = new fabric.Rect({
         left: 55,
         top: 70,
         width: 170,
         height: 70,
         fill: "#f4f0ec",
         stroke: "#2a52be",
         strokeWidth: 7,
         strokeDashArray: [9, 2],
      });

      // Add it to the canvas
      canvas.add(rect);
   </script>
</body>
</html>

Updated on: 28-Jun-2022

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