How MySQL Deals with Constraints?

MySQLMySQLi Database

Let us understand how MySQL deals with constraints −

MySQL helps us work with transactional tables (which permit rollback) and with non-transactional tables (which don’t permit rollback). This is the reason why handling constraints is different in MySQL in comparison to other DBMS. In non-transactional database, if an error occurs while inserting or updating many rows, it can’t be rolled back. This case has to be handled in the right manner.

MySQL Server produces an error for queries which it detects to be errors, when parsing a statement that needs to be executed. Once the error has been detected, it tries to recover from the errors while executing the statement. This is not done for all statements as of now.

MySQL can either stop the statement in the middle or recover from it and continue when an error occurs. By default, the server recovers from it and continues.

Foreign keys allow cross-referencing across data across tables, and foreign key constraints help ensure that this spread-out data remains consistent.

Foreign Key References

MySQL supports ON UPDATE and ON DELETE foreign key references in CREATE TABLE and ALTER TABLE statements.

Referential Actions

The referential actions available are- RESTRICT, CASCADE, SET NULL, and NO ACTION.

NO ACTION is the default referential action.


An ENUM value must be one that is listed in the column definition, or the internal numeric equivalent. The value cannot be an error value (0 or the empty string). For a column that is defined as ENUM('a','b','c'), values other than ‘a’, ‘b’, or ‘c’, such as '', 'd', or 'ax' are considered invalid and are rejected.

Published on 08-Mar-2021 11:33:36