- Trending Categories
- Data Structure
- Networking
- RDBMS
- Operating System
- Java
- iOS
- HTML
- CSS
- Android
- Python
- C Programming
- C++
- C#
- MongoDB
- MySQL
- Javascript
- PHP

- Selected Reading
- UPSC IAS Exams Notes
- Developer's Best Practices
- Questions and Answers
- Effective Resume Writing
- HR Interview Questions
- Computer Glossary
- Who is Who

# How is a bond with maturity valued?

There are basically three types of bonds in the market −

- Bonds with maturity
- Purely discount bonds
- Perpetual bonds.

In this article, we will see how the bonds with maturity are valued. Bonds with maturity have a maturity date on which the bond's value with the interest payment is returned to the investor.

**Note** − There are three types of bonds depending on their characteristics, but the bond with a maturity is the most common among them.

## Bonds with Maturity

Governments usually offer bonds that have a given interest rate and a maturity period. The net present value of a bond is its period of cash flows (discounted). That, in other words, can be written as annual interest plus the bond's maturity or terminal.

The discount rate in bonds with maturity is the interest rate that investors can obtain from similar bonds with similar characteristics. By comparing the bond's current market value and its present value investors can decide whether the bond is undervalued or it is overvalued.

**Note** − Bonds with maturity comes with great advantages for the investors. Apart from paying the interests due on each period, it offers the lumpsum back on maturity of the bond.

## Calculations

As in the case of bond with maturity, we can take it as an annuity (same amount of cash paid annually), we can use a simple formula like the one we used to calculate annuity.

$$ Present\:Value = Present\:Value\:of \:interest + Present\:Value\:of\:maturity $$

$$ B_{0} = \lbrace \frac{INT_{1}}{(1 + K_{d})}+\frac{INT_{2}}{(1 + K_{d})^2}+...+ \frac{INT_{n}}{(1 + K_{d})^n}\rbrace + \frac{B_{n}}{(1 + K_{d})^n}$$

$$ B_{0} = \displaystyle\sum\limits_{n}^{๐ก=1} \frac{INT_{t}}{(1 + K_{d})^t}+\frac{B_{n}}{(1 + K_{d})^n}… … … … (1)$$

Where,

**B**is the present value of a bond (debenture),_{0}**Σ INT**shows the interest amount in period_{t}**t**(from year**1**to**n**),**k**shows the market interest rate,_{d}**B**is bond’s maturity value or terminal in period n and_{n}**n**is the number of years to maturity.

It is important to note that in equation (1) the right hand portion shows the formula of an annuity for the total period of the bond and a final payment on the terminal of the annuity.

So, we can write,

$$ B_{0} = INT × [\frac{1}{K_{d}}-\frac{1}{K_{d}(1 + K_{d})^n}]+\frac{B_{๐}}{(1 + K_{d})^๐} $$

- Related Questions & Answers
- What is a Perpetual Bond?
- What is a Redeemable Bond?
- How is the volatility of a bond measured?
- What Exactly Is a Kiwi Bond?
- What is Test Maturity Model (TMM)?
- What Is a Kangaroo Bond and How Does It Work?
- What is meant by the Duration of a Bond?
- What is a bond (debenture) and what are its features?
- What is Test Maturity Model (TMM) in Software Testing?
- What is Definition, Formula & Types of Bond Pricing?
- Sum of Nodes with Even-Valued Grandparent in C++
- How to output the number of n-valued Fibonacci numbers if upper digit is even with python
- How are redeemable and non-redeemable preference shares valued?
- How are ordinary shares valued under no growth situation?
- Python – Filter unique valued tuples