How hashing is used in security encryption?

Information SecuritySafe & SecurityData Structure

Hashing is basically a one-way cryptographic function. Because hashes are irreversible, understanding the output of a hashing method does not enable us to regenerate the contents of a file. It enables us to assess whether two files are same without understanding their contents.

The use of hashing in information security and internet authentication is a general practice. For instance, it can be used to safely save passwords in a database, but can also provide the security of other element of data such as files and documents.

Hash algorithms are frequently used to support a digital fingerprint of a file’s contents used to support that the file has not been transformed by an intruder or virus. Hash functions are also generally employed by some operating framework to encrypt passwords. Hash functions provide a measure of the integrity of a document.

Hashing is a form of encryption that need a specialized one-way encryption key. If it can hash a given volume of information, it will create a unique output string to that data, but it is impractical to regenerate the data from the output string. It can re-encode the original information and compare it to the result string to check it.

There are some applications of hashing are as follows −

Storing passwords − There are several websites required to store usernames and passwords. Storing passwords in plaintext carries a large security risk. If someone with a malicious intent receives a copy to the database, it can instantly view the password, and exploit it for its goals (some person use same passwords for various accounts, therefore the security risk is amplified).

Digital Signature − A digital signature is a mathematical approach which check the authenticity and integrity of a message, software or digital documents. It allows us to check the author name, date and time of signatures, and authenticate the content text.

The digital signature supports far more inherent security and designed to solve the problem of tampering and impersonation (Intentionally copy another person's characteristics) in digital communications.

Data or cryptographic conversion of a data unit is added to the data, therefore that the recipient of the data unit is convinced of the source and integrity of the data unit and this can also handle to secure the information against forgery (e.g., by the recipient).

File Integrity − File integrity define the process of securing a file from unauthorized changes, such as cyber-attacks. In other terms, a file’s integrity is validated to decide whether or not it has been changed after its creation, archiving or other qualifying activities.

Moreover, some file integrity monitoring tools use "hashing," an approach of generating and comparing cryptographic keys to decide whether a file has been changed or whether it has integrity.

Some of these tools feature new automated "agent-less" monitoring, which was produced to reduce costs and these tools implement a more thorough job of integrity monitoring and needed less work in terms of deployment and execution.

Updated on 14-Mar-2022 08:18:28