How can we use JavaScript Executor to click and enter data to a web element in Selenium?

SeleniumAutomation TestingTesting Tools

We can use JavaScript Executor to click and enter data to a web element in Selenium webdriver. Selenium can run JavaScript commands with the help of the executeScript method.

To click an element, the parameters to the executeScript method are - arguments[0].click(); and the webelement locator.

Syntax

WebElement l = driver.findElement(By.className("gsc-input"));
JavascriptExecutor j = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;
j.executeScript("arguments[0].click();", l);

Then to enter data to the edit box, the parameter passed to the executeScript method is – web element locator.value

Syntax

j.executeScript("document.getElementsByName('gsc-i-id1')[0].value= 'Java'");

Let us try to click on the below edit box and enter data into it.

Example

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import org.openqa.selenium.JavascriptExecutor;
public class JavaScrptVal{
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      System.setProperty("webdriver.gecko.driver",
         "C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\geckodriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();
      //implicit wait
      driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
      //URL launch
      driver.get("https://www.google.com/");
      WebElement l = driver.findElement(By.name("q"));
      //JavaScript Executor to click element
      JavascriptExecutor j = (JavascriptExecutor) driver;
      j.executeScript("arguments[0].click();", l);
      //JavaScript Executor to enter text j.executeScript("document.getElementsByName('q')[0].value= 'Java'");
      String s = l.getAttribute("value");
      System.out.println("Value entered is: " + p);
      driver.close();

   }
}

Output

raja
Updated on 06-Apr-2021 08:12:12

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