HBase - Scan

Scaning using HBase Shell

The scan command is used to view the data in HTable. Using the scan command, you can get the table data. Its syntax is as follows:

scan ‘<table name>’ 


The following example shows how to read data from a table using the scan command. Here we are reading the emp table.

hbase(main):010:0> scan 'emp'

ROW                           COLUMN + CELL

1 column = personal data:city, timestamp = 1417521848375, value = hyderabad
1 column = personal data:name, timestamp = 1417521785385, value = ramu

1 column = professional data:designation, timestamp = 1417585277,value = manager

1 column = professional data:salary, timestamp = 1417521903862, value = 50000

1 row(s) in 0.0370 seconds

Scanning Using Java API

The complete program to scan the entire table data using java API is as follows.

import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;

import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;

import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Result;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.ResultScanner;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Scan;

public class ScanTable{

   public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException{

      // Instantiating Configuration class
      Configuration config = HBaseConfiguration.create();

      // Instantiating HTable class
      HTable table = new HTable(config, "emp");

      // Instantiating the Scan class
      Scan scan = new Scan();

      // Scanning the required columns
      scan.addColumn(Bytes.toBytes("personal"), Bytes.toBytes("name"));
      scan.addColumn(Bytes.toBytes("personal"), Bytes.toBytes("city"));

      // Getting the scan result
      ResultScanner scanner = table.getScanner(scan);

      // Reading values from scan result
      for (Result result = scanner.next(); result != null; result = scanner.next())

      System.out.println("Found row : " + result);
      //closing the scanner

Compile and execute the above program as shown below.

$javac ScanTable.java
$java ScanTable 

The following should be the output:

Found row :