HBase - Scan


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Scaning using HBase Shell

The scan command is used to view the data in HTable. Using the scan command, you can get the table data. Its syntax is as follows:

scan ‘<table name>’ 

Example

The following example shows how to read data from a table using the scan command. Here we are reading the emp table.

hbase(main):010:0> scan 'emp'

ROW                           COLUMN + CELL

1 column = personal data:city, timestamp = 1417521848375, value = hyderabad
 
1 column = personal data:name, timestamp = 1417521785385, value = ramu

1 column = professional data:designation, timestamp = 1417585277,value = manager

1 column = professional data:salary, timestamp = 1417521903862, value = 50000

1 row(s) in 0.0370 seconds

Scanning Using Java API

The complete program to scan the entire table data using java API is as follows.

import java.io.IOException;

import org.apache.hadoop.conf.Configuration;

import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.HBaseConfiguration;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.Bytes;

import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.HTable;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Result;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.ResultScanner;
import org.apache.hadoop.hbase.client.Scan;


public class ScanTable{

   public static void main(String args[]) throws IOException{

      // Instantiating Configuration class
      Configuration config = HBaseConfiguration.create();

      // Instantiating HTable class
      HTable table = new HTable(config, "emp");

      // Instantiating the Scan class
      Scan scan = new Scan();

      // Scanning the required columns
      scan.addColumn(Bytes.toBytes("personal"), Bytes.toBytes("name"));
      scan.addColumn(Bytes.toBytes("personal"), Bytes.toBytes("city"));

      // Getting the scan result
      ResultScanner scanner = table.getScanner(scan);

      // Reading values from scan result
      for (Result result = scanner.next(); result != null; result = scanner.next())

      System.out.println("Found row : " + result);
      //closing the scanner
      scanner.close();
   }
}

Compile and execute the above program as shown below.

$javac ScanTable.java
$java ScanTable 

The following should be the output:

Found row :
keyvalues={row1/personal:city/1418275612888/Put/vlen=5/mvcc=0,
row1/personal:name/1418035791555/Put/vlen=4/mvcc=0}


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