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Haskell Zippers

data List a = Empty | Cons a (List a) deriving (Show, Read, Eq, Ord)
type Zipper_List a = ([a],[a])    

go_Forward :: Zipper_List a -> Zipper_List a   
go_Forward (x:xs, bs) = (xs, x:bs)   
   
go_Back :: Zipper_List a -> Zipper_List a   
go_Back (xs, b:bs) = (b:xs, bs)    

main = do 
   let list_Ex = [1,2,3,4] 
   print(go_Forward (list_Ex,[]))       
   print(go_Back([4],[3,2,1])) 

Haskell Monads

main = do
   print([1..10] >>= (\x -> if odd x then [x*2] else []))

Haskell Monoids

multi:: Int->Int 
multi x = x * 1 
add :: Int->Int 
add x = x + 0 

main = do  
   print(multi 9)  
   print (add 7)

Haskell Applicative Functor

import Control.Applicative 

f1:: Int -> Int -> Int 
f1 x y = 2*x+y  
main = do  
   print(show $ f1 <$> (Just 1) <*> (Just 2) ) 

Haskell fmap functor

main = do 
   print (fmap  (+7)(Just 10)) 
   print (fmap  (+7) Nothing)

Haskell Functor works

main = do  
   print(map (subtract 1) [2,4,8,16])      
   print(fmap (subtract 1) [2,4,8,16])  

Haskell Exception

import Control.Exception 

main = do 
   result <- try (evaluate (5 `div` 0)) :: IO (Either SomeException Int) 
   case result of 
      Left ex   -> putStrLn $ "Caught exception: " ++ show ex 
      Right val -> putStrLn $ "The answer was: " ++ show val 

Haskell Set Module

import qualified Data.Set as Set   

text1 = "Hey buddy"   
text2 = "This tutorial is for Haskell"   

main = do  
   let set1 = Set.fromList text1   
       set2 = Set.fromList text2 
   print(set1) 
   print(set2) 

Haskell Map Module

import Data.Map (Map) 
import qualified Data.Map as Map  --required for GHCI  

myMap :: Integer -> Map Integer [Integer] 
myMap n = Map.fromList (map makePair [1..n]) 
   where makePair x = (x, [x])  

main = print(myMap 3)

Haskell Char Module

import Data.Char 

main = do  
   putStrLn("Different methods of Char Module") 
   print(toUpper 'a') 
   print(words "Let us study tonight") 
   print(toLower 'A')

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