Haskell Program to Find Sum of Digits of a Number using Recursion


In Haskell,we can find Sum of Digits of a Number by using recursion along with mod, div and other helper functions. getCurrentTime and NominalDiffTime function. In the first example we are going to use (sumOfDigits n | n < 10 = n | otherwise = (n `mod` 10) + sumOfDigits (n `div` 10)) function. And in the second example, we are going to use helper function.

Algorithm

  • Step 1 − The recursive sumOfDigits function is defined as,

  • For example 1 −

sumOfDigits n
   | n < 10 = n
   | otherwise = (n `mod` 10) + sumOfDigits (n `div` 10).
  • For example 2 −

sumOfDigits n = sumOfDigits' n 0
   where
      sumOfDigits' n acc
         | n < 10 = acc + n
         | otherwise = sumOfDigits' (n `div` 10) (acc + n `mod` 10).
  • Step 2 − Program execution will be started from main function. The main() function has whole control of the program. It is written as main = do. It calls the sumOfDigits function and pass the number as argument to it.

  • Step 3 − The variable named, “num” is being initialized. It will hold the number whose sum of digits is to be computed.

  • Step 4 − The resultant sum of the digits of the number is printed to the console, after the function is called.

Example 1

In this example, the sumOfDigits function takes an integer as its input and uses recursion to calculate the sum of its digits. The function first checks if the input number is less than 10, and if so, it returns the number itself. If the input number is greater than or equal to 10, the function uses the modulus operator (mod) to find the last digit of the number and the division operator (div) to remove the last digit. It then adds this digit to the result of a recursive call to the sumOfDigits function with the remaining number. The recursion continues until the input number is less than 10, at which point the final sum of digits is returned.

sumOfDigits :: Integer -> Integer
sumOfDigits n
   | n < 10 = n
   | otherwise = (n `mod` 10) + sumOfDigits (n `div` 10)

main :: IO ()
main = do
   let num = 12345
   print (sumOfDigits num)

Output

15

Example 2

In this example, the sum of digits of a number using recursion in Haskell can be calculated by using a helper function that takes in the number and an accumulator. The helper function will first check if the number is less than 10. If it is, it will return the accumulator plus the number. If the number is greater than or equal to 10, it will call itself with the quotient of the number divided by 10 and the accumulator plus the remainder of the number divided by 10.

sumOfDigits :: Integer -> Integer
sumOfDigits n = sumOfDigits' n 0
   where
      sumOfDigits' n acc
         | n < 10 = acc + n
         | otherwise = sumOfDigits' (n `div` 10) (acc + n `mod` 10)

main :: IO ()
main = do
   let num = 12345
   print (sumOfDigits num)

Output

15

Conclusion

The sum of digits of a number can be calculated using different methods, such as using a while loop, a for loop, or recursion. The approach using recursion involves breaking down the number into its individual digits and then adding them together using a recursive function. This function repeatedly calls itself with the input number modified by removing one digit until all digits have been added together and the final sum is returned. In Haskell, the sum of digits of a number can be calculated by using recursion along with helper function or div & mod functions.

Updated on: 27-Mar-2023

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