Golang Program to convert a number into a rational number

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In this tutorial we will see how to convert a number into a rational number using Go programming language.

A rational number is a type of real number, which is in the form of p/q where q is not equal to zero. Any fraction with non-zero denominators is a rational number. Some of the examples of rational numbers are 1/2, 1/5, 3/4, and so on.

Syntax

funcNewRat(a, b int64) *Rat
NewRat creates a new Rat with numerator a and denominator b

Syntax for Scanln:
Func Scanln(a…interface{}) (n int, err error)


Package math/big implements arbitrary-precision arithmetic (big numbers).

NewRat(a, b) returns a *Rat set to the fraction a/b where a and b are int64 values

Convert A Number To A Rational Number With One Input

Algorithm

Step 1 − Import the package fmt and math/big package

Step 2 − Start function main()

Step 3 − Declare the NewRat function

Step 4 − Initialize the formula with a value

Step 5 − Print the rational number on the screen using fmt.Println()

Example

This example shows how to convert a number to a rational number with one input

package main

// import the fmt and math/big package
// fmt package provides the function to print anything
import (
"fmt"
"math/big"
)
func main() {
fmt.Println("Golang Program to convert a number into a rational number")

// NewRat creates a new Rat with numerator a and denominator b
r := new(big.Rat)

//use the Sscan function so that it returns two

//values: a string and an error
_, err := fmt.Sscan("2.5", r)

//if statement to check for an invalid request
if err != nil {

//and return an error if the request is invalid
fmt.Println("error scanning value:", err)
} else {

// Print the rational number
fmt.Println("The rational number is",r)
}
}


Output

Golang Program to convert a number into a rational number
The rational number is 5/2


Description of code

• In the above program, we first declare the package main.

• We imported the fmt package that includes the files of package fmt and we also imported math/big package for implementing big numbers

• Now start the function main()

• Declare the NewRat function which creates a new rational number with a numerator and denominator

• Next initialize the formula with a number value, which you want to be converted to a rational number

• In the line - _, err := fmt.Sscan("2.5", r) - Calling the Sscan() function which returns the number successfully scanned and error if it persists

• Next - if err != nil { - this line gets executed if there is any error

• Last we print the rational number on the screen using fmt.Println()

Convert a number to a rational number with 2 inputs

Algorithm

Step 1 − Import the package fmt and math/big package

Step 2 − Start function main()

Step 3 − Declare the NewRat function

Step 4 − Initialize the formula with a value

Step 5 − Calling the Scanln() function for scanning, reading and storing the input

Step 6 − Print the rational number on the screen using fmt.Println()

Example

This example shows how to convert a number to a rational number with 2 inputs

// Including the main package
package main

// Importing fmt and math/big
import (
"fmt"
"math/big"
)
// Calling main
func main() {
fmt.Println("Golang Program to convert a number into a rational number")

// NewRat creates a new Rat with numerator a and denominator b
r := big.NewRat(6, 8)
// Calling Scanln() function for
// scanning and reading the input
fmt.Scanln(r)

// Printing the result
fmt.Println("The rational number is",r)
}


Output

Golang Program to convert a number into a rational number
The rational number is 3/4


Description of code

• In the above program, we first declare the package main.

• We imported the fmt package that includes the files of package fmt and we also imported math/big package for implementing big numbers

• Now start the function main()

• Declare the NewRat function which creates a new rational number with a numerator and denominator

• Next using a value of a number which you want to be cinverted to rational number, apply it to the NewRat formula

• Calling the Scanln() function for scanning and reading the input and storing it in the variable r

• Last print the rational number on the screen using fmt.Println()

Conclusion

In the above two examples we have successfully compiled and executed the Golang code to convert a number into a rational number using Go programming language.

Updated on 11-Oct-2022 07:38:04