Go - The Select Statement

The syntax for a select statement in Go programming language is as follows −

select {
   case communication clause  :
   case communication clause  :
   /* you can have any number of case statements */
   default : /* Optional */

The following rules apply to a select statement −

  • You can have any number of case statements within a select. Each case is followed by the value to be compared to and a colon.

  • The type for a case must be the a communication channel operation.

  • When the channel operation occured the statements following that case will execute. No break is needed in the case statement.

  • A select statement can have an optional default case, which must appear at the end of the select. The default case can be used for performing a task when none of the cases is true. No break is needed in the default case.


package main

import "fmt"

func main() {
   var c1, c2, c3 chan int
   var i1, i2 int
   select {
      case i1 = <-c1:
         fmt.Printf("received ", i1, " from c1\n")
      case c2 <- i2:
         fmt.Printf("sent ", i2, " to c2\n")
      case i3, ok := (<-c3):  // same as: i3, ok := <-c3
         if ok {
            fmt.Printf("received ", i3, " from c3\n")
         } else {
            fmt.Printf("c3 is closed\n")
         fmt.Printf("no communication\n")

When the above code is compiled and executed, it produces the following result −

no communication
Kickstart Your Career

Get certified by completing the course

Get Started