# Get index of given element in array field in MongoDB?

MongoDBDatabaseBig Data Analytics

You can use $indexOfArray operator for this. Let us create a collection with documents − >db.getIndexDemo.insertOne({"InstructorName":"Chris","InstructorSubject":["MongoDB","MySQL","Java","C++"]}); { "acknowledged" : true, "insertedId" : ObjectId("5cbd5251de8cc557214c0df8") } Display all documents from a collection with the help of find() method − > db.getIndexDemo.find().pretty(); This will produce the following output − { "_id" : ObjectId("5cbd5251de8cc557214c0df8"), "InstructorName" : "Chris", "InstructorSubject" : [ "MongoDB", "MySQL", "Java", "C++" ] } Following is the query to get index of given element in an array field in MongoDB − > db.getIndexDemo.aggregate( [ { "$project": { "matchedIndex": { "$indexOfArray": [ "$InstructorSubject", "MongoDB" ] } } } ] );

This will produce the following output −

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5cbd5251de8cc557214c0df8"), "matchedIndex" : 0 }

Following is the query to get index of another element in array field in MongoDB −

> db.getIndexDemo.aggregate( [ { "$project": { "matchedIndex": { "$indexOfArray": [ "\$InstructorSubject", "C++" ] } } } ] );

This will produce the following output −

{ "_id" : ObjectId("5cbd5251de8cc557214c0df8"), "matchedIndex" : 3 }

NOTE - As we know, in most of the languages array index starts from 0, the first element of the array will have 0 index and last element will have (n-1) index, where n is the number of elements of the array.

Published on 30-Apr-2019 10:37:27