Form a sequence out of an array in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End TechnologyObject Oriented Programming

Suppose we have a sorted array of numbers like this where we can have consecutive numbers.

const arr = [1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11];

We are required to write a JavaScript function that takes one such array.

Our function should form a sequence for this array. The sequence should be such that for all the consecutive elements of the array, we have to just write the starting and ending numbers replacing the numbers in between with a dash (-), and keeping all other numbers unchanged.

Therefore, for the above array, the output should look like −

const output = '1-3,5,7-9,11';

Example

The code for this will be −

const arr = [1, 2, 3, 5, 7, 8, 9, 11];
const buildSequence = (arr = []) => {
   let pointer;
   return arr.reduce((acc, val, ind) => {
      if (val + 1 === arr[++ind]) {
         if (pointer == null ) {
            pointer = val;
         };
         return acc;
      };
      if (pointer) {
         acc.push(`${pointer}-${val}`);
         pointer = null;
         return acc;
      }
      acc.push(val);
      return acc;
   }, []).join(',');
}
console.log(buildSequence(arr));

Output

And the output in the console will be −

1-3,5,7-9,11
raja
Published on 23-Nov-2020 14:58:11
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