Flood fill algorithm using C graphics

CServer Side ProgrammingProgramming

Concept

With respect of a given rectangle, our task is to fill this rectangle applying flood fill algorithm.

Input 

rectangle(left = 50, top = 50, right= 100, bottom = 100)
floodFill( a = 55, b = 55, NewColor = 12, OldColor = 0)

Output 

Method

// A recursive function to replace previous color 'OldColor' at '(a, b)' and all surrounding pixels of (a, b) with new color 'NewColor' and floodFill(a, b, NewColor, OldColor)

  • If a or b is outside the screen, thenreturn.

  • If color of getpixel(a, b) is same asOldColor, then

  • Recur for top, bottom, right and left.

    floodFill(a+1, b, NewColor, OldColor);<

    floodFill(a-1, b, NewColor, OldColor);

    floodFill(a, b+1, NewColor, OldColor);

    floodFill(a, b-1, NewColor, OldColor);

Example

// Shows program to fill polygon using floodfill
// algorithm
#include <graphics.h>
#include <stdio.h>
// Describes flood fill algorithm
void flood(int x1, int y1, int new_col, int old_col){
   // Checking current pixel is old_color or not
   if (getpixel(x1, y1) == old_col) {
      // Putting new pixel with new color
      putpixel(x1, y1, new_col);
      // Shows recursive call for bottom pixel fill
      flood(x1 + 1, y1, new_col, old_col);
      //Shows recursive call for top pixel fill
      flood(x1 - 1, y1, new_col, old_col);
      // Shows recursive call for right pixel fill
      flood(x1, y1 + 1, new_col, old_col);
      // Shows recursive call for left pixel fill
      flood(x1, y1 - 1, new_col, old_col);
   }
}
int main(){
   int gd1, gm1 = DETECT;
   // Initializing graph
   initgraph(&gd1, &gm1, "");
   //Shows rectangle coordinate
   int top1, left1, bottom1, right1;
   top1 = left1 = 50;
   bottom1 = right1 = 300;
   // Shows rectangle for print rectangle
   rectangle(left1, top1, right1, bottom1);
   // Fills start cordinate
   int x1 = 51;
   int y1 = 51;
   // Shows new color to fill
   int newcolor = 12;
   // Shows old color which you want to replace
   int oldcolor = 0;
   // Calling for fill rectangle
   flood(x1, y1, newcolor, oldcolor);
   getch();
   return 0;
}

Output

raja
Published on 23-Jul-2020 07:33:21
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