Find elements inside forms and iframe using Java and Selenium WebDriver.

SeleniumAutomation TestingTesting Tools

We can find elements inside form and iframe with Selenium webdriver. A form in an html document is represented by a

tag. A form may contain multiple elements inside it. A form can be submitted with a submit() or a click() method.

Let us see a form with fields email and password.

Example

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class FormElements{
   public static void main(String[] args) {
 System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver","C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\chromedriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
      String url = "https://www.linkedin.com/";
      driver.get(url);
      driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(4, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
      // identify elements
      driver.findElement(By.id("session_key")).sendKeys("bde@gmail.com");
      driver.findElement(By.id("session_password")).sendKeys("test!23");
      // submitting form with submit()
      driver.findElement(By.id("session_password")).submit();
      driver.quit()
   }
}

An iframe/ frame is identified in an html document with the <iframe> or <frame> tag. An iframe is an html document which is embedded inside another html document. In order to access an element inside an iframe, we need to shift focus from the main page to the iframe.

The following methods help to switch between iframes−

  • switchTo().frame(args) – The frame index is put as an argument to the method. The starting index of iframe is 0.

    Syntax −

    driver.switchTo().frame(0), switching to the first iframe.

  • switchTo().frame(args) - The frame name or id is put as an argument to the method.

    Syntax −

    driver.switchTo().frame("nm"), switching to the iframe with name nm.

  • switchTo.frame(args) - The frame webelement is put as an argument to the method.

    Syntax −

    driver.switchTo().frame(f), switching to the iframe with webelement f.

  • switchTo().defaultContent() – To shift focus to the parent page from the iframe.

    Syntax −

    driver.switchTo().defaultContent()

Example

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;

public class iFrameElement{
   public static void main(String[] args) {        System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver","C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\chromedriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
      String url = "https://the-internet.herokuapp.com/nested_frames";
      driver.get(url);
      driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(4, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
      // switch to a iframe
      driver.switchTo().frame("frame-bottom");
      // identify webelement
      WebElement m = driver.findElement(By.cssSelector("body"));
      System.out.println(" The text is: " +m.getText());
      // shift to parent page
      driver.switchTo().defaultContent();
      driver.close();
   }
}
raja
Published on 18-Sep-2020 06:04:42
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