Find Element and FindElements in Selenium

SeleniumAutomation TestingTesting Tools

The methods findElement and findElements are used to identify elements on the webpage. Both these methods can be used with locators like id, css, class, name, xpath, css, link text, tagname and partial link text.

The method findElement is used to identify an element which matches with the locator (used with By object) passed as a parameter to that method. If there is no matching element, then NoSuchElementException is thrown.

The method findElements is used to identify a list of elements which matches with the locator (used with By object) passed as a parameter to that method. If there is no matching element, an empty list is returned.

The method findElement returns a webelement while the method findElements returns a list. If there are multiple elements which match with the locator, then the findElement method will only return the first matching element (starting from the top left in the page).

Syntax

List<WebElement> e = driver.findElements(By.className("txt"));
WebElement elm = driver.findElement(By.className("txt"));

Example

import org.openqa.selenium.By;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;
import org.openqa.selenium.WebElement;
import org.openqa.selenium.chrome.ChromeDriver;
import java.util.concurrent.TimeUnit;
import java.util.List;
public class ElementLocator{
   public static void main(String[] args) {
      System.setProperty("webdriver.chrome.driver",
         "C:\\Users\\ghs6kor\\Desktop\\Java\\chromedriver.exe");
      WebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();
      //implicit wait
      driver.manage().timeouts().implicitlyWait(5, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
      //URL launch
      driver.get("https://www.tutorialspoint.com/index.htm");
      //identify all links with findElements
      List m = driver.findElements(By.tagName("a"));
      //link counts
      int st = m.size();
      System.out.println("Number of links: " + s);
      //identify a link
      WebElement n = driver.
      findElement(By.xpath("//a[@title='Job @ Tutorials Point']"));
      //get link text
      String s= n.getText();
      System.out.println("Text is : " + s);
      driver.quit();
   }
}

Output

raja
Published on 06-Apr-2021 08:01:19
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