Find any pair with given GCD and LCM in C++

C++Server Side ProgrammingProgramming

In this section we will see how to get number of pairs using the given GCD and LCM values. Suppose the GCD and LCM values are 2 and 12. Now the possible pairs of numbers are (2, 12), (4, 6), (6, 4) and (12, 2). So our program will find the count of pairs. That is 4.

Let us see the algorithm to understand what will be the technique to solve this problem.

Algorithm

countPairs(gcd, lcm):
Begin
   if lcm is nit divisible by gcd, then
      return 0
   temp := lcm/gcd
   c := primeFactorCount(temp)
   res := shift 1 to the left c number of times
   return res
End
primeFactorCount(n):
Begin
   count := 0
   until n is not odd, increase count and divide n by 2
   for i := 3, when i2 < n, increase i by 2, do
      if n is divisible by i, then
         increase count
         while n is divisible by i, do
            n := n / i
         done
      end if
   done
   if n > 2, then
      increase count by 1
   return count
End

Example

 Live Demo

#include<iostream>
#include<cmath>
using namespace std;
int primeFactorCount(int);
int countPairs(int gcd, int lcm) {
   if(lcm % gcd != 0)
      return 0;
   int temp = lcm/gcd;
   return (1 << primeFactorCount(temp));
}
int primeFactorCount(int n){
   int count = 0;
   if(n%2 == 0){ //if n is divisible by 0, enter into the next part
      count++;
      while(n%2 == 0)
      n = n/2;
   }
   //now n is odd, so if we increase n by 2, all numbers will be odd
   for(int i = 3; i*i <= n; i = i + 2){
      if(n%i == 0){ //if n is divisible by 0, enter into the next part
         count++;
         while(n%i == 0)
         n = n/i;
      }
   }
   if(n > 2)
   count++;
   return count;
}
int main() {
   cout << "Possible pairs of GCD = 2, and LCM = 12 is " <<countPairs(2, 12);
}

Output

Possible pairs of GCD = 2, and LCM = 12 is 4
raja
Published on 25-Sep-2019 12:54:12
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