Find and return the longest length of set in JavaScript

JavascriptWeb DevelopmentFront End Technology

Problem

We are required to write a JavaScript function that takes in an array of numbers, arr, as the first and the only argument.

The array, arr, of length N contains all integers from 0 to N-1. Our function is supposed to find and return the longest length of set S, where S[i] = {A[i], A[A[i]], A[A[A[i]]], ... } subjected to the rule below.

Suppose the first element in S starts with the selection of element A[i] of index = i, the next element in S should be A[A[i]], and then A[A[A[i]]]… By that analogy, we stop adding right before a duplicate element occurs in S.

For example, if the input to the function is −

const arr = [5, 4, 0, 3, 1, 6, 2];

Then the output should be−

const output = 4;

Output Explanation

A[0] = 5, A[1] = 4, A[2] = 0, A[3] = 3, A[4] = 1, A[5] = 6, A[6] = 2.

One of the longest S[K]:

S[0] = {A[0], A[5], A[6], A[2]} = {5, 6, 2, 0}

Example

Following is the code −

 Live Demo

const arr = [5, 4, 0, 3, 1, 6, 2];
const arrayNesting = (arr = []) => {
   const visited = {}
   const aux = (index) => {
      if (visited[index]) {
         return 0
      }
      visited[index] = true
      return aux(arr[index], visited) + 1
   }
      let max = 0
      arr.forEach((n, index) => {
         if (!visited[index]) {
            max = Math.max(max, aux(index))
         }
   )
   return max
}
console.log(arrayNesting(arr));

Output

Following is the console output −

4
raja
Published on 21-Apr-2021 12:31:21
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