# file_exists() function in PHP

PHPProgrammingServer Side Programming

The file_exists method check whether a file or directory exists or not. It accepts the path of the file or directory to be checked as the parameter. The following are its uses −

• It is useful when you need to know whether a file exists or not before processing.

• With that, use this function while creating a new file to know whether the file already exists or not.

file_exists($file_path) ## Parameters • file_path − Set the path of file or directory to be checked for existence.Required. ## Return The file_exists() method returns. • True, if the file or directory exists • False, if the file or directory does not exist ## Example Let us see an example that checks for “candidate.txt” file and display a message even if the file does not exist. Live Demo <?php$myfile = '/doc/candidate.txt';
if (file_exists($myfile)) { echo "$myfile exists!";
} else {
echo "\$myfile does not exist!";
}
?>

The following is the output showing the file does not exist.

## Output

/doc/candidate.txt does not exist!
Published on 03-Oct-2018 08:13:20