Fiber to the home (FTTH) is a technology to deploy optical fibers in the local loop of the telephone networks to the users’ home for providing high-speed data connectivity. It replaces the existing copper wires as telephone lines to the customer premises by optical fibers that allow much greater bandwidth and less noisy connectivity.
The FTTH Council is a non-profit organization to provide advanced FTTH solutions. Its members comprise of manufacturers, organizations and municipalities who build and install equipments for FTTH systems. The purpose of the Council is to share knowledge and build industry consensus on FTTH.
FTTX is a generic term for any high speed network architecture that deploys high bandwidth fiber optic cables in the last mile communication, i.e. local loops of the telephone network. Here x is replaced by the configuration of the connection.
FTTX can be broadly grouped into FTTP (Fiber to the Premises) and FTTN (Fiber to the Node).
FTTP (Fiber to the Premises) − This is a broad term for connection from the end office all the way to homes and small businesses. This includes −
FTTH − Fiber to the Home
FTTB− Fiber to the Building
FTTD− Fiber to the Desktop
FTTR− Fiber to the Router
FTTO− Fiber to the Office
FTTN (Fiber to the Node)− Here, the fiber connection from the end office terminates in a node. The final connection from this node to the customer is through copper wires. This includes
FTTDp − Fiber to the Distribution Point
FTTA − Fiber to the Amplifier
FTTC − Fiber to the Cabinet