Explain OpenCV Simple Threshold using Java Example

JavaObject Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

Thresholding is a simple technique for the segmentation of an image. it is often used to create binary images. In simple thresholding, the pixels greater than a given threshold value will be replaced with a standard value.

The threshold() method performs the simple threshold operation on the given image. Following are the parameters of this method −

  • Two Mat objects representing the source and destination images.

  • Two integer variables representing the threshold or the standard value.

  • An integer variable representing the type of the simple threshold.


import java.awt.Image;
import java.awt.image.BufferedImage;
import java.io.IOException;
import javafx.application.Application;
import javafx.embed.swing.SwingFXUtils;
import javafx.scene.Group;
import javafx.scene.Scene;
import javafx.scene.image.ImageView;
import javafx.scene.image.WritableImage;
import javafx.stage.Stage;
import org.opencv.core.Core;
import org.opencv.core.Mat;
import org.opencv.highgui.HighGui;
import org.opencv.imgcodecs.Imgcodecs;
import org.opencv.imgproc.Imgproc;
public class SimpleThreshold extends Application {
   public void start(Stage stage) throws IOException {
      //Loading the OpenCV core library
      System.loadLibrary( Core.NATIVE_LIBRARY_NAME );
      String file ="D:\\Images\\win2.jpg";
      Mat src = Imgcodecs.imread(file, Imgcodecs.IMREAD_GRAYSCALE);
      //Creating an empty matrices to store the destination image.
      Mat dst = new Mat(src.rows(), src.cols(), src.type());
      //Applying simple threshold
      Imgproc.threshold(src, dst, 50, 255, Imgproc.THRESH_BINARY);
      //Converting matrix to JavaFX writable image
      Image img = HighGui.toBufferedImage(dst);
      WritableImage writableImage= SwingFXUtils.toFXImage((BufferedImage) img, null);
      //Setting the image view
      ImageView imageView = new ImageView(writableImage);
      //Setting the Scene object
      Group root = new Group(imageView);
      Scene scene = new Scene(root, 595, 400);
      stage.setTitle("Simple Threshold");
   public static void main(String args[]) {

Input Image


On executing, the above program generates the following windows −

Published on 13-Apr-2020 11:16:17