DOM - Node Object Method - appendChild


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The method appendChild adds a node after the last child node of the specified element node. It returns the added node.

Syntax

Following is the syntax for the usage of the appendChild attribute.

nodeObject.appendChild(newChild)
S.No. Parameter & Description
1

newChild

It is the new node to be added/appended. It is of type Node.

This method returns Node added.

Example

node.xml contents are as below −

<?xml version = "1.0"?>
<Company>
   <Employee category = "Technical">
      <FirstName>Tanmay</FirstName>
      <LastName>Patil</LastName>
      <ContactNo>1234567890</ContactNo>
      <Email>tanmaypatil@xyz.com</Email>
   </Employee>
   
   <Employee category = "Non-Technical">
      <FirstName>Taniya</FirstName>
      <LastName>Mishra</LastName>
      <ContactNo>1234667898</ContactNo>
      <Email>taniyamishra@xyz.com</Email>
   </Employee>
   
   <Employee category = "Management">
      <FirstName>Tanisha</FirstName>
      <LastName>Sharma</LastName>
      <ContactNo>1234562350</ContactNo>
      <Email>tanishasharma@xyz.com</Email>
   </Employee>
</Company>

Following example demonstrates the usage of the appendChild attribute −

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
   <head>
      <script>
         function loadXMLDoc(filename) {
            if (window.XMLHttpRequest) {
               xhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
            } else // code for IE5 and IE6 {
               xhttp = new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP");
            }
            xhttp.open("GET",filename,false);
            xhttp.send();
            return xhttp.responseXML;
         }
      </script>
   </head>
   <body>
      <script>
         xmlDoc = loadXMLDoc("/dom/node.xml");

         create_e = xmlDoc.createElement("PhoneNo");

         x = xmlDoc.getElementsByTagName("FirstName")[0];
         x.appendChild(create_e);
         document.write("Appended child is : ")
         document.write(x.getElementsByTagName("PhoneNo")[0].nodeName);
      </script>
   </body>
</html>

Execution

Save this file as nodemethod_appendchild.htm on the server path (this file and node.xml should be on the same path in your server). We will get the output as shown below −

Appended child is : PhoneNo

dom_node_object.htm

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