Difference between Star and Ring Topology

NetworkMCAComputers

Both Star and Ring are the types of network Topologies which could be defined as the arrangement of a network which comprises of nodes and connecting lines via sender and receiver. On the basis of nature and characteristics of both, we can distinguish between them.

Following are the important differences between Star and Ring Topology −

Sr. No.KeyStar TopologyRing Topology
1DefinitionStar Topology could be defined as a network topology in which the nodes are connected to the central hub or router through which information is travelled from central hub or router to all the nodes.On other hand, Ring Topology is the network topology in which the nodes are connected to each other completely via dedicated link in which the information is travelled from nodes to nodes. Also every node is connected to its left and right side nodes.
2Number of nodesStar Topology has number of nodes equal to the links present i.e. if there are N links in Star Topology then there are N nodes.On other hand in case of Ring Topology there are N links where N is the number of nodes.
3ComplexStar Topology due to its simple structure is less complex as compared to Ring Topology.On other hand due to more complexity in nodes arrangement Ring Topology is considered as more complex.
4Cost efficientStar Topology is cost efficient as compared to Ring Topology.However, Ring Topology is costlier as compared to Star Topology.
5InformationIn Star Topology the information is travelled from central hub or router to all the nodes.In Ring Topology the information is travelled from nodes to nodes.
6UsageStar Topology is very extensible and using it in LAN as setup is easy too.Ring Topology is poorly extensible and can be used in WAN.
raja
Published on 09-Jun-2020 09:11:32
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