Difference between Metro Train and Conventional Train

Both Metro trains and conventional trains are popular modes of transportation used by the public for moving from one place to another. In this brief article, we will see how these two types of trains differ in their features.

Metro Train

Metro trains are high-speed trains that are powered by the electricity grid. In general, a metro train has four to five air-conditioned coaches. Actually, the metro trains are the new era transportation concept developed by many countries to control the pollution created by conventional vehicles and traffic caused by them. The metro train is one of the fastest ways to travel within the city for a short distance.

Conventional Train

A conventional train is an older mode of transportation used by people to travel from one place to another. Generally, the train is used by the people for the long distance journey such as from one city to another.

A casual train runs at a speed of 120 kmph to 150 kmph which is considered as a slow speed. In general, the length of the train is long as it can have 15 to 20 coaches in a single train.

Comparison between Metro Train and Conventional Train

The following table highlights the differences between a metro train and a conventional train −

Point of ComparisonMetro TrainConventional Train
Source of powerThe metro trains are powered by electricity which makes them environment friendly.Conventional trains are normally powered by either steam or diesel or electricity.
SpeedThe speed metro trains is generally high.Normal trains have relatively lower speed.
Seating capacityThe metro trains have low passenger capacity.Trains have higher passenger capacity.
Ticket fareIn metro trains, the ticket fare is generally less.The trains have high ticket fare for long distance journeys.
Noise pollutionMetro trains do not produce sound while running, so they are free from creating noise pollution.Normal trains produce loud sound while running, hence they cause noise pollution.
Travelling distanceMetro trains are used for short distance travelling.Normal Trains are used for long distance travelling.
Number of coachesMetro trains have 4 to 5 coaches in general.A conventional train has 15 to 20 coaches.
Pantry carMetro trains do not have pantry car.Train has one pantry car where the fresh food is baked for passengers.
Platform lengthMetro trains require comparatively shorter platform for boarding and departure.For boarding and departure, the trains need longer platform.
Type of coachesA metro train has all its coaches air-conditioned.A train has a mixed combination of coaches, i.e. some coaches will be air-conditioned and some will be not.


From the above discussion, we can conclude that Metro trains are designed to carry less number of passengers over a short distance. Conventional trains, on the other hand, are massive with 15 to 20 coaches that carry a significantly higher number of passengers (as well as luggage) over long distances.