Difference between IOC and Dependency Injection in Spring.

SpringObject Oriented ProgrammingProgramming

Inversion of control is a design principle which helps to invert the control of object creation.

According to the paper written by Martin Fowler , inversion of control is the principle where the control flow of a program is inverted: instead of the programmer controlling the flow of a program, the external sources (framework, services, other components) take control of it. It's like we plug something into something else. He mentioned an example about EJB 2.0.

Dependency Injection is a design pattern which implements IOC principle. DI provides objects that an object needs. Let’s say, class X is dependent on Y. So rather than creating object of Y within the class “X”, we can inject the dependencies via a constructor or setter injection.

Sr. No.KeyIOCDependency Injection
Design Principle
It is design principle where the control flow of the program is inverted
It is one of the subtypes of the IOC principle  
It is a term which is implemented by multiple design patterns  service locator , events , delegates and dependency Injection
DI is design pattern which can be achieved by constructor and setter injection
Use Case
Aspect oriented programing is one way to implement IOC  
 In Case of change in business requirement no code change required
Published on 09-Sep-2020 12:20:18