Difference between Hedge Fund and Asset Management

Institutional investors' portfolio allocations now frequently include sophisticated investment instruments like hedge funds and asset management methods like assent management. There seems to be considerable confusion between the two types of investment strategies due to their similarities. Each trend, however, has its quirks that may or may not make it suitable for your portfolio.

What is Hedge Fund?

Hedge funds are among the most cutting−edge ways for institutional investors to obtain access to the alternative investment market. Hedge funds are investment entities that leverage pooled cash and employ various alternative trading strategies to reduce investment risk and increase potential financial gain. They are pools of money for sophisticated traders, large financial organizations like pension funds and endowments, and extremely well−off private people who can afford to take a chance on potentially large losses.

In the world of finance, "hedging" is protecting one's assets by buying insurance against potential losses. It's a method of investing in which several investors put their money into a single pot, or "pooled fund," and then use that fund to make trades in the financial markets, hoping to earn higher returns. The objective is to generate income independent of market fluctuations. They are not subject to the same rules that mutual funds are.

What is Asset Management?

Asset management is a systematic approach to overseeing a client's investment portfolio in a way that minimizes wasted effort and maximizes profits. In layman's terms, it's the practice of investing large sums of money on behalf of one's clients with the expectation of a high return rate over the investment's lifetime. Clientele like this often includes large organizations with substantial resources, such as philanthropic groups, insurance companies, pension funds, or even sovereign nations.

Asset managers are the people or organizations entrusted with the duty of optimizing the return on investment for their clients by managing their clients' assets (both real and intangible). Real estate and intellectual property are only two examples of the many types of assets. Asset management, then, entails soliciting funds from investors and investing them in various ventures within the financial markets, such as but not limited to real estate, stocks, bonds, private equity, etc. Businesses may keep closer tabs on their assets and investment portfolios as a result.

Differences: Hedge Fund and Asset Management

The following table highlights the major differences between Hedge funds and Asset Management −

Characteristics Hedge Fund Asset Management
Investment Model Hedge funds, which are a type of alternative investment vehicle, are pools of capital that employ various in−house risk management strategies to reduce the overall value of their investments. Asset management is a systematic approach that may be used to efficiently and orderly manage a client's financial portfolio.
Incentive Structure How much the hedge fund's management is paid is directly related to how well the fund does as a whole over a set period of time. No relationship exists between the asset manager's compensation and the fund's long−term performance.
Prime Brokerage Annual management fees of two percent of assets under management are standard, with an additional performance fee of twenty percent. Most of the time, clients pay a set management charge, but in other cases, they may have to pay more in the form of performance fees.
Legal Structure Not heavily regulated; in particular, hedge funds are not affected by the Securities and Exchange Commission's rules. Mutual funds and other forms of investment vehicles for managing assets are governed by a patchwork of regulations.
Investors Most investors are institutions or those that manage large sums of money on a regular basis. Services are available to a wide variety of investors, including those with significant disposable income as well as banks, governments, and other governmental agencies.


Hedge fund managers have fewer restrictions than those who oversee mutual funds and other similarly regulated investment vehicles. Because of this, hedge fund managers can take advantage of more investment possibilities than managers of other regulated asset management vehicles. When it comes to managing their client's portfolios, other forms of regulated funds and asset managers are less hands−on.

The asset management sector cannot function without strict regulations. This is because investors want some assurance before committing funds to asset managers, and this assurance can only be provided by demonstrating compliance with regulations or by having a credible regulatory framework in place. A hedge fund is a type of investment company that uses sophisticated methods of making investments in an attempt to outperform the market.