Before we can understand what cybersecurity is and what types of risks and vulnerabilities it contains, we must first comprehend the cyberspace. The term "cyberspace" refers to a collection of communication networks, databases, embedded processors, the internet, and controllers used to exchange electronic documents. Telephone wires, coaxial cables, electromagnetic waves, and fiber-optic connections create a global network environment.
Though cyberspace and the Internet are sometimes used interchangeably, the Internet is actually a part of cyberspace. To put it another way, cyberspace is a networked Internet environment.
Cyber-security can be defined as the process of defending cyberspace from assault, abuse, harm, and economic espionage. Inherent weaknesses in cyberspace might cause problems that can't permanently be fixed.
A strong cybersecurity strategy can help protect an organization or user from vicious assaults to access, modify, delete, destroy, or extort essential data from their systems.
Cybersecurity is also crucial for preventing attacks that aim to disable or impede the operation of a system or device.
Any firm faces a difficult task in maintaining cybersecurity in an ever-changing threat landscape. Traditional reactive methods, which concentrated resources on defending systems against wellknown threats while leaving lesser-known dangers undefended, are no longer adequate. To keep up with changing security threats, a more proactive and adaptable strategy is essential. Several wellknown cybersecurity advisory organizations can assist.
Information security requires more than simply preventing unauthorized access to data. The practice of preventing unauthorized access, use, disclosure, interruption, alteration, inspection, recording, or destruction of data is known as information security.
There are two types of information: physical and electronic.Information can be anything from your personal information to your social media profile, cell phone data, biometrics, and so on.
Information Security encompasses many academic topics, including cryptography, mobile computing, cyber forensics, and online social media.
The primary goal of information security is to balance the protection of data's confidentiality, integrity, and availability (also known as the CIA triad) while focusing on effective policy execution, all without compromising organization productivity. This is generally accomplished through a structured risk management process that includes the following steps −
Identifying information and related assets, as well as potential threats, vulnerabilities, and impacts;
Assessing risks and implementing risk mitigation strategies;
Deciding how to address or treat risks, such as whether to avoid, mitigate, share, or accept them; selecting or creating appropriate security controls and putting them in place if risk mitigation is required;
Information Security measures monitor the activities and making modifications as needed to handle any difficulties, changes, or chances for improvement.
The following table highlights the major differences between Cyber Security and Information Security −
|Cyber Security||Information Security|
|Cyber security is implemented on the network through which information data transfers occur—and because it primarily deals with securing information over the Internet.||Information security is concerned with safeguarding data either through or not transmitted over the Internet, so information security implementation is not restricted to networks.|
|Cyber security is the process of safeguarding information and data transmitted over the internet against unauthorized access, hacking, and theft.||Information security is concerned with preventing illegal access to, assessment of, alteration of, or removal of data and information systems. It's analogous to data security, which is concerned with preventing data theft or hacking.|
|Cyber-attacks and various types of Trojans and virus attacks are the most common cyber security threats.||All types of data threads are covered by information security.|
|Cyber security professionals deal with advanced persistent threats that use the most up-to-date network data transmission, such as bank transactions, online shopping, phishing, baiting, data breaches, and other monetary and non-monetary transactions.||Information security experts are the cornerstone of data security, and security professionals linked with them prioritize resources before dealing with risks.|
|The primary concern in cyber security is protecting a company's information and security technologies (IST) from unwanted digital access.||Information security refers to safeguarding a company's information assets from threats such as theft, illegal access, or data loss due to improper treatment.|